S. glanis is also used in parts of Europe for aquaculture. Hendry, A. P., Wenburg, J. K., Bentzen, P., Volk, E. C., Quinn, T. P., 2000. Cornol, Switzerland: Publications Kottelat, 646 pp, Krieg F, Estoup A, Triantafyllidis A, Guyomard R, 1999. Ressemblances et différences : reconnais les animaux en un clin d’œil ! The mitochondrial genome of the European catfish Silurus glanis (Siluriformes, Siluridae). Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. (2009) present a table of at least 55 fish species found in the natural diet of S. glanis. Studies on wels catfish (Silurus glanis) development during cold season as an auxiliary species in sturgeon recirculated aquaculture systems. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Peu exigeant en revanche quand à la qualité et la teneur en oxygène, il évolue dans toutes sortes de milieux, pourvu que les eaux soient calmes ou faiblement courantes. The addition of wels catfish in recreational catch and release fisheries is likely to have a beneficial revenue effect. Removal of wels catfish from unlicensed lakes appears to be a priority for the Environment Agency in England and Wales, although how successful these measures are in practice has yet to be ascertained. Martino A, Syväranta J, Crivelli A, Cereghino R, Santoul F, 2011. There is a risk that wels catfish may impact on native fauna for a number of reasons. Voracious invader or benign feline? Another reason for introductions is as a biocontrol agent for controlling cyprinid fish. Festival teriaki 2015. The young grow quickly, reaching 30 cm in length within the first year (Shikhshabekov, 1978; Copp et al., 2009). S. glanis is robust enough during transport (even in minimal water and over considerable distances) to be translocated to areas outside its native geographical range (Copp et al., 2009). Consent is usually not granted for open waters, although enclosed waters are permitted (Britton and Pegg, 2007; Copp et al., 2009). A potential beneficial ecological effect is that S. glanis can predate on signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus), which is an invasive species in Europe that is adversely effecting native crayfish populations (Carol et al., 2009; Copp et al., 2009). Males have running milt 30-40 days before spawning and produce sperm for relatively long periods, with a gradual, extended duration of spermatozoa discharge (Shikhshabekov, 1978). Rahel FJ, Olden JD, 2008. (2002), S. glanis has been farmed historically in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, France, Hungary, Greece, Macedonia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania. Fish consumption is low in central and eastern European countries in comparison to western Europe, which may be related to economic factors including income, fisheries trading and distribution (fish is more expensive than meat in most eastern European countries). Le silure glane est un poisson de la famille des Siluridae, son nom latin est « Silurus glanis ». "Freshwater killer whales": beaching behavior of an alien fish to hunt land birds. Towards the successful control of the invasive Pseudorasbora parva in the UK. pond cultivation. Since 1975, it has been farmed for its meat in pond cultures in Italy and former Yugoslavia, and also in its native range in Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Lithuania (and also Belarus -- Dokuchayeva, 2011), where the species is considered an expensive meat delicacy. Description : Le corps du silure glane est long et puissant ressemblant à celui du poisson chat. 3 paires de barbillons aux coins de la bouche dont une très longue. Some angling introductions are unregulated and illegal, with S. glanis transferred to unlicensed lakes in the UK that do not meet the ILFA (Import of Live Fish Act) criteria set by the Environment Agency because of risks concerning flooding and the likelihood of entry to nearby rivers. The potential risk of hybridization with native species is likely to be limited to native Silurus species, such as the native congener S. aristotelis in Greece. Voracious invader or benign feline? 2009Bevacqua et al. However, consideration must be given to the economic costs that are likely to arise from management control policies with the removal of S. glanis from unlicensed waters; monitoring, removal costs and challenges in recapturing demersal species. The risks to native species are through disease and parasite transmission, competition for benthic habitats and predation. Larval and juvenile stages of introduced fish are most susceptible to predation due to small size (Gozlan et al. http://www.fishbase.org, Gozlan RE, Flower CJ, Pinder AC, 2003. Pond culture of fish in Romania. It has been introduced but not established in Cyprus, Belgium and Algeria (Froese and Pauly, 2012). Journal of Applied Icthyology, 1:27-31, Jamróz, M., Kucharczyk, D., Kujawa, R., Mamcarz, A., 2008. The skin can be used in glue and leather manufacture. Il fraye en couple puis la femelle pond une grande quantité d'œufs dans un nid qu'elle a préparé et sur lequel le mâle veille jalousement. Establishment success in France has been restricted by cold winter temperatures of <10ºC (David, 2006). C’est un poisson carnassier opportuniste qui se nourrit de poissons, d’écrevisses, de mollusques, d’insectes et plus rarement d’oiseaux aquatiques, de grenouilles ou encore de rongeurs. Colossal aggregations of giant alien freshwater fish as a potential biogeochemical hotspot. The larvae live in the nest until the yolk sac is absorbed. They have a tiny dorsal fin made up of a single spine and 4-5 dorsal soft rays, one anal spine, 83-95 soft anal rays and a caudal fin of 17 soft rays (Froese and Pauly, 2012). Toward a global information system for invasive species. Native to eastern Europe and western Asia it is now established in several countries to the west and south of its native range. Alimentation Le silure consomme une très vaste gamme de proies. Le silure grossit beaucoup – jusqu’à 2,7 m de long et plus de 130 kilos – et il peut manger des lamproies marines qui font plus de 80 cm de long. Previous studies of cultured S. glanis in central and eastern Europe indicated that this species is capable of rapid growth in warm waters >20ºC (Linhart et al. In contrast, O. mykiss total production was 300,000 tonnes in 2005, and the figure had risen to 700,000 tonnes in 2010 and was likely to increase (FAO, 2012; Linhart et al. Journal of Ichthyology, 18:457-468, Simoens I, Breine JJ, Verreycken H, Belpaire C, 2002. De nombreuses introductions ont été réalisées au cours de la seconde partie du XIXe siècle dans le cadre … In parts of its native range (e.g. L’introduction récente et sans aucune autorisation, faut-il le rappeler, du silure glane dans l’ensemble du réseau hydrographique pour satisfaire une poignée de pêcheurs, amateurs du « catch and release », n’a donné lieu à aucune sanction, alors que ce grand prédateur n’est pas inactif dans les cours d’eau. Weight and linear growth of wels (Silurus glanis L.) up to one month of age in aquarium rearing. [Unpublished report], Ricciardi A, Steiner WWM, Mack RN, Simberloff D, 2000. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 11:203-212, Hilge V, 1989. 1 à 2 m de long, parfois plus, pour un poids de plus de 120 kg. Son système auditif est très perfectionné, lui permettant d'entendre la moindre vibration. Diel rhythms of feeding activity in the European catfish, Silurus glanis. However, Martino et al. Science (Washington), 294(5547):1655-1656, Paschos, I., Nathanailides, C., Perdikaris, C., Tsoumani, M., 2004. In their native range, catfish are under threat from anthropogenic changes including river modifications resulting in the loss of shallow spawning sites (Hamackova et al., 1997; Copp et al., 2005; Copp et al., 2007). Le silure glane. Dokuchaeva, S. I., 2011. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Modification of natural benthic communities, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Highly likely to be transported internationally illegally, Difficult to identify/detect in the field, Sport (hunting, shooting, fishing, racing), Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked). Oxford, UK: Fishing News Books, 46-57, Slavík O, Horký P, Bartoš L, Kolárová J, Randák T, 2007. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. There are 100 species from 12 genera in the family. De ce fait, son habitat le plus au Nord est la Pologne. The tiny dorsal fin on its upper body, rounded caudal fin and strong upper body assist the swimming motion. Voiture de batman prix. In April 2012, accidental flooding from licensed lakes containing wels catfish into flood valleys of the River Colne and Chelmer in East Anglia were being investigated. To protect species or infer their invasiveness potential, it is necessary to understand the origin, genetic diversity and migration patterns. In Spain, wels catfish have become a dominant predatory fish in the Ebro river basins, where establishment is likely to have been aided by the relatively warm water temperatures experienced in the region. Des légendes évoquent des specimen atteignant les 5 m ou engloutissant des enfants. The influence of temperature on the growth of the European catfish (Silurus glanis). > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. 2010), predation and trophic impact (Czarnecki et al. The species was later introduced to Spain in the twentieth century and reintroduced to Belgium, Netherlands and France. The database includes records of species introduced or transferred from one country to another. Simoens et al. Froese R, Pauly D, 2012. Výzkumný Ústav Rybárský a Hydrobiologický Vodnany, 29:3-9. (2002) investigated the genetic structure of S. glanis across most of its natural distribution using 10 microsatellite loci. Ce comportement peut cependant évoluer exceptionnellement, comme mis en évidence par une étude sur des silures du Tarn chassant en pleine journée des pigeons venus s'abreuver sur les rives de la rivière [5], [6] en se projetant hors de l'eau. Water quality and accelerated winter growth of European catfish using an enclosed recirculating system. (2005) gave S. glanis an intermediate mean risk score (21.5 out of 54 possible points). 60:21-36. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. > 0°C, dry winters), CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered), Competition - monopolizing resources; Predation, CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species, DIAS, Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species. Habitat(s) lié(s) au taxon Silurus glanis (Silure glane) En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et services adaptés et réaliser des statistiques de visites. Aquaculture of this species is constrained by water temperatures <10ºC during winter months in some regions of Europe including France. 2009; Rees, 2010; Hickley and Chare, 2004). Turk Veterinerlik ve Hayvancilik Dergisi, 28:613-622, Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardes, F., Carol, J., García-Berthou, E., 2011. S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Fisheries for non-native species in England: angling or the environment? 2008; Muscalu et al. Age and growth of the European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a Turkish Reservoir and comparison with introduced populations. The routes used to introduce non-native fish species are closely related to the nature and extent of different anthropogenic activities such as aquaculture, research, pest control and also recreational fishing. La majeur partie de ce pangasius est produit dans 23 milles carrés d’étangs à travers neuf provinces du delta du Mékong – un habitat d’eau douce d’importance critique. Compétition avec les … S. glanis is in the lower range of the high risk score of FISK, although these scores are variable and likely to change in relation to the context of environmental factors affecting risk (Copp et al., 2005). Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, February 2000. Freshwater Biology, 55(5):1130-1141. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/123349915/HTMLSTART, Britton JR, Pegg J, 2007. Krmiva, 37(3), 129-134. Zhivotnov'dni Nauki, 37(5/6), 14-18. Harka, A, 1984. Les Hommes ont introduit cet énorme poisson, qui s’est largement répandu dans de nombreuses rivières où les lamproies marines migrent. (2002) report that in Lake Schulen in Flanders (Belgium), large wels catfish which had been illegally introduced by anglers had successfully reproduced. 2000). A review of the environmental biology of European catfish Silurus glanis in its native and introduced ranges. Naturwissenschaften, 96(5), 631-635. http://www.springerlink.com/content/96hh785038172pq0/?p=2d643a9f547444d5abaaed7c8e53b62d&pi=9 doi: 10.1007/s00114-009-0511-3, Triantafyllidis A, Krieg F, Cottin C, Abatzopoulos TJ, Triantaphyllidis C, Guyomard R, 2002. Age at maturity is 3-4 yrs. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Piscaria, 2(1), 183-194. Wels catfish (Silurus glanis); adult fish, captured in the Syr Darya, a river in Central Asia. Artificial spawning and feeding of European catfish, Silurus glanis L., in Turkey. français: Silure glane hrvatski: Som magyar: Európai harcsa Ido: Siluro íslenska: Fengrani italiano: Siluro d'Europa 日本語: ヨーロッパオオナマズ ქართული: ლოქო қазақша: Жайын Lëtzebuergesch: Europäesche Wels lingála: Ngɔlɔ lietuvių: Paprastasis šamas latviešu: Sams Their eyes are small and they rely on their barbels and olfactory cavities to sense their prey and environment rather than vision. 2003; Carol et al. In: Subasinghe, R. P., Bueno, P. B., Phillips, M. J., Hough, C., McGladdery, S. E., Arthur, J. R., eds. Grozev, D., Hubenova-Siderova, T., Zaikov, A., 2000. http://www.fishbase.org. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/statusreviews/sturgeon_5foreign.pdf, Naylor RL, Williams SL, Strong DR, 2001. However, there are reports of breeding in some lakes in southern England at present temperatures (Copp et al., 2009). Erik Truffaz Quarte ; Gites de groupe de 16 à 24 couchages en Franc ; Eco-habitat : petites annonces courtes et gratuites - page 1 ; Actualités Commune de Saint-Priva ; Accueil - Produits de la me ; populaire: Cathédrale strasbourg horloge. Silurus glanis (wels catfish); adult, in the open water of a former surface mine near Leipzig, Germany. Silurus glanis (wels catfish); line caught adult. Reviewers' names are available on request. 2002; Muscalu et al. Il reste la plupart du temps au fond et remonte très peu à la surface. Overall, the tipping point temperature indicator for growth among cultured S. glanis appeared to be >20ºC and at these temperatures fish can gain ~ 4kg within 2yrs, in contrast to depressed growth at lower temperatures (Gullu et al. Une partie de la mythologie et de la littérature sur le silure glane lui donne des proportions stupéfiantes, ce qui reste à établir scientifiquement, quand Aristote décrivait un poisson beaucoup plus petit, sans qu'il soit possible d'affirmer qu'il s'agissait bien de cette espèce. Biological Conservation, 72:311-319, Cucherousset, J., Boulêtreau, S., Azémar, F., Compin, A., Guillaume, M., Santoul, F., 2012. 2007; Carol et al. The diet of small juveniles is sometimes almost entirely invertebrates, but can also be composed of benthic or mid-water column organisms such as Chironomidae, and during their first year S. glanis take an increasing proportion of young-of-the-year (YoY) fish. Information on specific control measures for S. glanis is limited. Ulikowski, D., Borkowska, I., Chybowski, L., 1998. Ecological Applications, 16(6):2313-2324. http://www.esajournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1890%2F1051-0761%282006%29016%5B2313%3AHDAIRO%5D2.0.CO%3B2, Copp GH, Britton JR, Cucherousset J, García-Berthou E, Kirk R, Peeler E, Stakenas S, 2009. Aquatic Biology, 8(2), 137-144. http://www.int-res.com/articles/ab2009/8/b008p137.pdf, Syväranta, J., Cucherousset, J., Kopp, D., Martino, A., Céréghino, R., Santoul, F., 2009. The anatomy and location of fins and body shape of S. glanis indicate that this fish is a demersal species, with a powerful pair of pectoral fins that is positioned behind the gills at the base of the ventral fins, small pelvic fins situated by the anal vent and an elongated anal fin that is over 50% of its body length. The revealed that levels of genetic diversity were much higher than previous allozyme and restriction fragment length polymorphism mitochondrial DNA analyses had shown. National Marine Fisheries Service, Triantafyllidis et al. For positive economic effects, see the sections on Uses (Invasive Species Compendium) or Production, Economic and Socioeconomic Aspects (Aquaculture Compendium). (Le silure glane n'est pas un monster.) C'est le plus grand poisson d'eau douce d'Eurasie et le troisième plus grand au monde, pouvant atteindre plus de 2,7 m de longueur et 130 kg [1], [2]. Le plus grand poisson d'eau douce de Wallonie . Native populations extend from Germany to Eastern Europe including Poland and southern Sweden, and also from northern Iran and southern Turkey to the Baltic states and Russia, and to the Aral sea of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan (Copp et al., 2009). > 10°C, Cold average temp. BioScience, 50(3):239-244, Shikhshabekov MM, 1978. Biological Invasions, 12(1), 125-131. http://www.springerlink.com/content/l743q272m5266518/?p=b8eb71c07ab345d1a474d1e523242c58&pi=11 doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9436-1, Carol J, Benejam L, Benito J, Garcia-Berthou E, 2009. Its greater production in Bulgaria has been suggested (Hadjinikolova et al., 2010). Is European catfish (Siluris glanis) really becoming abundant in the River Thames? 2008). When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. (2002), S. glanis has been farmed historically in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, France, Hungary, Greece, Macedonia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania. Fontenay-sous-Bois, France: Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, 92 pp, Varadi, L., Szucs, I., Pekar, F., Blokhin, S., Csavas, I., 2001. Les observations des contenus stomacaux réalisés par les … 2009; Syväranta et al. According to Naylor et al. 2010). (Zuchtmöglichkeiten des Welses in Teichen in Polen.) Introductions to rivers in Spain have resulted in abundant populations in four river basins, where catfish can reach large sizes > 1 m (Carol et al., 2009). Status and development tendencies of freshwater aquaculture production in Bulgaria. Ulikowski, D., Szczepkowski, M., Szczepkowska, B., 2003. The mitochondrial genome has 16,526 base pairs containing 37 genes, of which 13 genes are for protein synthesis, 22 tRNAs and 2rRNAs, and a control region which functions in the same way as other vertebrate mtDNAs. 2001). In the UK, the government has developed an environmental risk strategy including risk identification, risk assessment, risk management and risk review and reporting. Source : Zapping Sauvage. Copp et al. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Movement to new areas is generally through introduction for aquaculture and recreational fishing, or sometimes for biological control. L'alimentation est quasi … Penil (2004) suggests that it may expand its range by movement in man-made canal networks. Information regarding the wels catfish nuclear and mitochondrial genomes is sparse. Bangkok, Thailand and Rome, Italy: Network of Aquaculture Centres in AsiaPacific and FAO, Bangkok & FAO Rome, 397-416. https://enaca.org/?id=413, Vittas S, Drosopoulou E, Kappas I, Pantzartzi CN, Scouras ZG, 2011. It is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish (Copp et al., 2009). Conservation entre + 0 et + 2° C : D L C 3 jours à réception. Nouvel article sur le silure et les poissons-chats en collaboration avec le Grand Aquarium de Touraine (37) ! Activity peaks during the night, with nocturnal foraging motivated by hunger stimuli. According to Linhart et al. [English title not available]. Evolution de son aire de répartition et prédiction de son extension. Colis de 3kgs. Preliminary telemetry data on the patterns and habitat use of European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a reservoir of the River Ebro, Spain. Preferred habitats are slow flowing lowland rivers, backwaters, shallow channels in floodplains and weed covered lakes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16:450-456, Cirkovic, M., Ljubojevic, D., Ðordevic, V., Novakov, N., Petronijevic, R., Matekalo-Sverak, V., Trbovic, D., 2012. (2011) reported that in the Camargue in Southern France, S. glanis consumption was not a threat to eel distribution, as their diet was mainly omnivorous.