[93] Houston, Texas, had an increase of 35,000 people; Mobile, Alabama, gained over 24,000; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, over 15,000; and Hammond, Louisiana, received over 10,000, nearly doubling its size. By September 3, the situation started to stabilize. In the weeks after the storm, with the connectivity of the coastal U.S. Highway 90 shattered, traffic traveling parallel to the coast was reduced first to State Road 11 (parallel to I-10) then to two lanes on the remaining I-10 span when it was opened. Guardsman Lieutenant Colonel Pete had commented that "dozens of high water vehicles, humvees, refuelers, and generators were abroad. [citation needed] The unit worked in tandem with state, local and other federal authorities to feed, process and transport evacuees to other accommodations; the division's soldiers helped evacuate 6,000 New Orleans residents. [158] In Hancock County, Mississippi, ham radio operators provided the only communications into or out of the area and even served as 911 dispatchers. [72] The neologism Katrinagate was coined to refer to this controversy, and was a runner-up for "2005 word of the year. [10], The storm also brought heavy rains with 8–10 inches (200–250 mm) falling in southwestern Mississippi and rain in excess of 4 inches (100 mm) falling throughout the majority of the state. These organizations raised US$4.25 billion in donations from the public, with the Red Cross receiving over half of these donations. The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MR-GO) breached its levees in approximately 20 places, flooding much of eastern New Orleans, most of St. Bernard Parish and the East Bank of Plaquemines Parish. to more than 700,000 applicants—families and individuals. [112], Overall, a number of arrests were made throughout the affected area, including some near the New Orleans Convention Center. The remnants of Katrina produced locally heavy precipitation in northeast Ohio, ranging from about 2 to 4 in (51 to 102 mm). Wind gusts up to 60 mph (97 km/h) also impacted parts of Maine, felling trees and causing power outages in Bar Harbor, Blue Hill, Dover-Foxcroft, Sedgwick Ridge, and Sorrento. [102] It is estimated that if New Orleans was to restore 1,700 square miles (4,400 km2) of wetland lost before 2005, the natural capital would be worth an estimated $6 billion/year, or $200 billion at the present value. However, minimal impact was reported, with only "fresh breezes" on various islands. [71] While there were also early reports of fatalities amid mayhem at the Superdome, only six deaths were confirmed there, with four of these originating from natural causes, one from a drug overdose, and one a suicide. "[110] Several shootings occurred between police and New Orleans residents, some involving police misconduct; including an incident where police officers killed two unarmed civilians and seriously injured four others at Danziger Bridge. In addition to dehydration and food poisoning, there was also potential for the spread of hepatitis A, cholera, tuberculosis, and typhoid fever, all related to the growing contamination of food and drinking water supplies in the city compounded by the city's characteristic heat and stifling humidity. An oil rig under construction along the Mobile River broke its moorings and floated 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northwards before striking the Cochrane Bridge just outside Mobile. These reasons were complicated by the fact that an evacuation the previous year for Hurricane Ivan had resulted in gridlocked traffic for six to ten hours. [55], On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall near Buras-Triumph, Louisiana, with 125 mph (200 km/h) winds, a strong Category 3 storm. Harvey est le plus puissant ouragan à frapper le pays depuis 2005. Army Maj. Gen. William B. Caldwell IV, the 82nd's commanding general, noted: "We eventually became the 82nd 'Waterborne' Division," the general said, "and that really was our forte" during search-and-rescue and security missions in flooded sections of the city. Since Hurricane Katrina, Amtrak's Sunset Limited service has never been restored past New Orleans. Les conséquences de l'ouragan Katrina sur La Nouvelle-Orléans concernent des biens, des services, des personnes et la société en août et septembre 2005.Elles furent humainement, socialement et économiquement désastreuses. [56], Northern and central Georgia were affected by heavy rains and strong winds from Hurricane Katrina as the storm moved inland, with more than 3 inches (75 mm) of rain falling in several areas. Plus que 40,000 maison avait du inondation [54], Although Hurricane Katrina stayed well to the north of Cuba, on August 28 it brought tropical-storm force winds and rainfall of over 8 in (200 mm) to western regions of the island. By 11:00 p.m. August 29, Mayor Nagin described the loss of life as "significant" with reports of bodies floating on the water throughout the city, primarily in the eastern portions. The units were never given orders to control the crowd, and were not expected to be prepared for such a task, as engineering units. It was at the time the costliest tropical cyclone on record, and is now tied with 2017's Hurricane Harvey. The convention center's president (who was there with a small group of convention center employees at this time) addressed the crowd near dark, informing them that there was no food, water, medical care, or other services. Chertoff designated Michael D. Brown, head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, as the Principal Federal Official to lead the deployment and coordination of all federal response resources and forces in the Gulf Coast region. Hundreds of prisoners were later registered as "unaccounted for". [90], Shortly after the hurricane moved away on August 30, 2005, some residents of New Orleans who remained in the city began looting stores. [16] "On Sunday, August 28, President Bush spoke with Governor Blanco to encourage her to order a mandatory evacuation of New Orleans. Two deaths occurred due to a flood-related automobile accident in Huron County. Later that day, rising floodwaters began to fill up the building, which caused the main generators to fail, so the hospital staff decided to evacuate everyone to the auditorium. [61] However, both the White House and the Pentagon argued that the depletion of personnel and equipment did not impact the ability of the Guard to perform its mission—rather, impassable roads and flooded areas were the major factors impeding the Guardsmen from securing the situation in New Orleans. BBC News provides trusted World and UK news as well as local and regional perspectives. Household incomes of blacks have also fallen, and the wage gap between black and whites has grown. [10] In the Florida Panhandle, 77,000 customers lost power. The area outside the Superdome was flooded to a depth of 3 feet (0.91 m), with a possibility of 7 feet (2.1 m) if the area equalized with Lake Pontchartrain. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 22:13. While New Orleans has built the world’s most expensive flood control system in the space of a few years, it will take decades to restore a faction of the lost wetlands under a $50 billion state plan that seeks to reclaim 580 to 800 square miles of marsh in 50 years. [62] However, access to downtown New Orleans and the "shelter of last resort" at the Convention Center was never closed because River Road in Jefferson Parish and Leake Avenue and Tchoupitoulas Street in New Orleans were not flooded, and would have allowed access throughout the immediate post-storm emergency period. Cellular service and the Internet were inoperable because of line damages, destruction of base stations, or power failures, even though some base stations had their own back-up generators. [187] Katrina was also the earliest eleventh named storm in the Atlantic until Tropical Storm Kyle surpassed it on August 14, 2020, beating Katrina by 10 days, as it was named on August 24, 2005. [140][141][142][143] Kuwait made the largest single pledge, $500 million; other large donations were made by Qatar and the United Arab Emirates (each $100 million), South Korea ($30 million), Australia ($10 million), India, China (both $5 million), New Zealand ($2 million),[144] Pakistan ($1.5 million),[145] Norway ($1.8 million),[146] and Bangladesh ($1 million).[147]. The request process proceeds similarly from the county to the state to the federal government as additional resource needs are identified. [90] Overall, about 20% of the local marshes were permanently overrun by water as a result of the storm. [24] Clean water was unavailable, and power outages lasted for weeks. "[133], Within days of Katrina's August 29 landfall, public debate arose about the local, state and federal governments' role in the preparations for and response to the hurricane. [10] Thereafter, Katrina rapidly intensified over the "unusually warm" waters of the Loop Current from a Category 3 hurricane to a Category 5 hurricane in just nine hours. Bush promised to include the levee funding in his 2009 budget but rejected the idea of including the funding in a war bill, which would pass sooner.[174]. Several roads were closed due to floodwater inundation in Acushnet, Dartmouth, New Bedford, and Wareham, including Route 18 in New Bedford. [37], By August 26, the possibility of unprecedented cataclysm was already being considered. The extensive flooding stranded many residents who were forced to stay in place long after Hurricane Katrina had passed. Once official teams came in to rescue the prisoners, they were all moved to I-10, the major interstate in New Orleans. In a June 2006 report on the disaster,[35] the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers admitted that faulty design specifications, incomplete sections, and substandard construction of levee segments, contributed to the damage done to New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina. For example, by 2006 the decreased biomass in bottomland hardwood forests contributed an amount of carbon which equated to roughly 140% of the net annual U.S. carbon sink in forest trees. [139], Over seventy countries pledged monetary donations or other assistance. At the Convention Center, four bodies were recovered. Hurricane Katrina, which hit New Orleans, Louisiana, in August of 2005, was a Category 5 hurricane that only worsened when the city's levees failed. All local television stations were disrupted. [175] The role of AM radio was also of importance to the hundreds of thousands of persons with no other ties to news, providing emergency information regarding access to assistance for hurricane victims. The Louisiana Superdome was used to house and support some of those who were unable to evacuate. While the inmates continued to endure these conditions, there were a total of six public defenders who were managing the cases of all of New Orleans prisoners.