2009Bevacqua et al. 2003), and also overwintering mortality as S. glanis larvae are unable to survive low temperatures <13ºC (David, 2006; Copp et al. Following spawning, S. glanis exhibits a guarders and nesters reproductive strategy with the male protecting the cluster of eggs laid by the female in his nest excavated amongst the substratum and made from plant material. The breed effect on productivity and meat nutrient compsition of fish. Studies on the growth of sheatfish (Silurus glanis L.) in river Tisza. Silurus glanis (wels catfish); line caught adult. There are 100 species from 12 genera in the family. Il fraye en couple puis la femelle pond une grande quantité d'œufs dans un nid qu'elle a préparé et sur lequel le mâle veille jalousement. Testing the Alms Welsfutter diet on sheath fish (Silurus glanis) culture in silos. 2000). La croissance du silure est maximale au-dessus de 25 degrés. Consent is usually not granted for open waters, although enclosed waters are permitted (Britton and Pegg, 2007; Copp et al., 2009). The large size suggests high potential for dispersal (Copp et al., 2009), although the limited available information on movement and migration suggests that the species demonstrates considerable site fidelity (Carol et al., 2007). Introductions to rivers in Spain have resulted in abundant populations in four river basins, where catfish can reach large sizes > 1 m (Carol et al., 2009). Grozev, D., Hubenova-Siderova, T., Zaikov, A., 2000. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. However, consideration must be given to the economic costs that are likely to arise from management control policies with the removal of S. glanis from unlicensed waters; monitoring, removal costs and challenges in recapturing demersal species. Average temp. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Le silure glane. Impact potentiels. Habitat(s) lié(s) au taxon Silurus glanis (Silure glane) En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et services adaptés et réaliser des statistiques de visites. Mareš, J., Wognarová, S., Spurný, P., 2003. According to Linhart et al. ], Copp GH, Moffatt L, Wesley KJ, 2007. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0050840 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050840, Czarnecki, M., Andrzejewski, W., Mastynski, J., 2012. 2010), predation and trophic impact (Czarnecki et al. It is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish (Copp et al., 2009). Les silures font partie d'une famille de poissons d'eau douce de la famille des Siluridaes. Journal of Fish Biology, 63:131-143. Life span is normally 15-30 years, with a maximum recorded age of 80 years (Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007). Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon. Le silure glane est un poisson géant qui fait régner la terreur dans les rivières. In April 2012, accidental flooding from licensed lakes containing wels catfish into flood valleys of the River Colne and Chelmer in East Anglia were being investigated. Carnivore : poissons, vers, lamproies, écrevisses. The sexual cycles of the catfish S. glanis, pike E. lucius, perch P. fluviatilis and pike-perch L. lucioperca. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It was introduced for angling and aquaculture in Spain, Italy and France. Le silure glane est un poisson d'eau douce originaire des pays de l'Est et notamment du Danube. Linolenic acid supplementation in the diet of European catfish (Silurus glanis): effect on growth and fatty acid composition. Ecological Applications, 16(6):2313-2324. http://www.esajournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1890%2F1051-0761%282006%29016%5B2313%3AHDAIRO%5D2.0.CO%3B2, Copp GH, Britton JR, Cucherousset J, García-Berthou E, Kirk R, Peeler E, Stakenas S, 2009. Dietary breadth and trophic position of introduced European catfish Silurus glanis in the River Tarn (Garonne River basin), southwest France. Wels catfish exhibit parental care of young, and the males guard clusters of eggs adhered to woody tree roots and submerged macrophytes in riparian reaches and floodplains (Copp et al., 2009). 2009; Copp et al. There is one clear seasonal peak in spawning per year, between May and July. Source : Zapping Sauvage. For positive economic effects, see the sections on Uses (Invasive Species Compendium) or Production, Economic and Socioeconomic Aspects (Aquaculture Compendium). Concerns about accidental unregulated spread (flooding enabling spread from angling waters to watercourses and rivers) and intentional unregulated releases (for angling) imply that S. glanis introductions need to be investigated, particularly as angling and dispersal are cited as the main introduction routes for introduced fish in the UK ( Copp et al. 2001). Elvira B, 2001. Information on specific control measures for S. glanis is limited. 2012). Body colour is variable but normally dark greenish-black with creamy yellow sides creating a mottled effect.They are solitary, predatory, opportunistic scavengers that hunt for stragglers (Boujard, 1995; Copp et al., 2009; Britton et al., 2010). A review of the environmental biology of European catfish Silurus glanis in its native and introduced ranges. Considerations regarding the rearing of European catfish, Silurus glanis L. in a flow-through production aquaculture system. 2001) with some limited but renewed awareness among fish farmers in France and Germany (Linhart et al. On peut trouver les cousins du silure jusqu'en Asie du Sud-est. Males mature earlier than females, with mass maturation at 3-4 yrs, 57-66 cm and 1.3-2.3 kg, in contrast to females that mature at 4 yrs at minimum length 87.05 cm (Alp et al., 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2012). However, many aspects of behaviour are still unknown, and Valadou (2007) suggests that virtually all aspects of the biology of introduced S. glanis require study. Il est originaire d'Europe centrale (Danube, Dniepr et Volga). Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14:263-268, Britton, J. R., Davies, G. D., Brazier, M., 2010. The sheer size of this fish has also attracted scuba-divers to some lakes where it has been introduced in the Netherlands (and probably elsewhere), which also generates local revenue. S. glanis is in the lower range of the high risk score of FISK, although these scores are variable and likely to change in relation to the context of environmental factors affecting risk (Copp et al., 2005). National Marine Fisheries Service, Thème : Le silure glane . FishBase. Fish consumption is low in central and eastern European countries in comparison to western Europe, which may be related to economic factors including income, fisheries trading and distribution (fish is more expensive than meat in most eastern European countries). In the UK, wels catfish, because they are non-native, require an ILFA (Introduction of Live Fish Act) license for introduction as part of regulatory legislation control and enforcement. Aquatic Invasions, 2:113-116, Copp GH, Vilizzi L, Gozlan RE, 2010. Zivocisna Vyroba, 42:27-32. The risks to native species are through disease and parasite transmission, competition for benthic habitats and predation. Studies on wels catfish (Silurus glanis) development during cold season as an auxiliary species in sturgeon recirculated aquaculture systems. > 10°C, Cold average temp. However it still accounts for only a small percentage of European freshwater aquaculture compared with the main species, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), brown trout (Salmo trutta) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) -- total production of S. glanis was 602 tonnes in 1993, increasing to 2000 tonnes in 2002, and has since stabilised at >700 tonnes/year. (2003) reported that more than 50% of successful invasive fish species introduced into the UK exhibit parental care, where fish actively protect and guard their eggs or larvae and defend territories. Alimentation Le silure consomme une très vaste gamme de proies. Larval and juvenile stages of introduced fish are most susceptible to predation due to small size (Gozlan et al. Preliminary studies of intensive wels catfish (Silurus glanis L.) and sturgeon (Acipenser sp.) The culture of the European catfish S. glanis in the Czech Republic and in France. Science (Washington), 294(5547):1655-1656, Paschos, I., Nathanailides, C., Perdikaris, C., Tsoumani, M., 2004. "Freshwater killer whales": beaching behavior of an alien fish to hunt land birds. Le silure glane est un poisson typique de l’Europe centrale. [English title not available]. Possibilities of breeding catfish in ponds in Poland. Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, February 2000. Le silure est le plus gros poisson d'eau douce en Europe. S. glanis is the largest-bodied European freshwater fish. Copp G H, Britton J R, Cucherousset J, García-Berthou E, Kirk R, Peeler E, Stakėnas S, 2009. On compte aujourd'hui seize espèces identifiées de silures, dont la plus connue est le silure glane. Water quality and accelerated winter growth of European catfish using an enclosed recirculating system. https://wcd.coe.int/com.instranet.InstraServlet?command=com.instranet.CmdBlobGet&InstranetImage=1338217&SecMode=1&DocId=1464096&Usage=2, FAO, 2012. [Cefas Science Technical Report No. Overall, the tipping point temperature indicator for growth among cultured S. glanis appeared to be >20ºC and at these temperatures fish can gain ~ 4kg within 2yrs, in contrast to depressed growth at lower temperatures (Gullu et al. Description : Le corps du silure glane est long et puissant ressemblant à celui du poisson chat. Mareš, J., Jirásek, J., Ondra, R., 1996. Perfectionniste psychologie. Son système auditif est très perfectionné, lui permettant d'entendre la moindre vibration. Despite the great genetic differentiation of S. glanis populations, no consistent pattern of geographical structuring was revealed, in contrast to previous studies of European freshwater fish species. The predicted increase of water temperatures of 2-3ºC by 2050 as a result of climate change is likely to amplify the risk of establishment and breeding success in the UK and other northern countries (Rahel and Olden, 2008; Britton et al., 2010). Wels catfish can be distinguished from other European catfish by the 6 long barbels under the lower jaw, the scaleless mucous-coated elongated body and the very small dorsal fin (Britton et al., 2010). > 10°C, Cold average temp. The introduction of S. glanis in angling clubs is likely to increase revenue to local communities and generate business. The addition of wels catfish in recreational catch and release fisheries is likely to have a beneficial revenue effect. The flattened snout with spaced apart nostrils and long barbels on either side of the upper jaw, and 4 shorter barbels on the lower jaw, indicate that S. glanis sense their prey by highly sensitive chemical and olfactory sensors on their barbels and nostrils rather than by vision, as their eyes are small; this can be related to their benthic habitat ecology (Copp et al., 2009). Erik Truffaz Quarte ; Gites de groupe de 16 à 24 couchages en Franc ; Eco-habitat : petites annonces courtes et gratuites - page 1 ; Actualités Commune de Saint-Priva ; Accueil - Produits de la me ; populaire: Cathédrale strasbourg horloge. Some angling introductions are unregulated and illegal, with S. glanis transferred to unlicensed lakes in the UK that do not meet the ILFA (Import of Live Fish Act) criteria set by the Environment Agency because of risks concerning flooding and the likelihood of entry to nearby rivers. Other examples of depressed foraging activity and growth were reported at water temperatures <15ºC as fish were unable to metabolise food at temperatures <10ºC and were sedentary to minimise energy expenditure (Boujard, 1995). > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. However, Martino et al. In: Management and Ecology of Lake and Reservoir Fisheries [ed. Simoens et al. [Unpublished report], Ricciardi A, Steiner WWM, Mack RN, Simberloff D, 2000. Aquaculture: a biotechnology in progress: volume 1. International Conference: Aquaculture Europe, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2-5 Jun 1987. 60:21-36. Fonds des eaux profondes et calmes des fleuves et rivières d'Europe … (Hamáčková et al., 1993; Bogut et al., 1995; Filipiak et al., 1997; Mareš et al., 2003), but there is little data available about growth using forage fish as food in natural ponds (Zaikov et al., 2008; Cirkovic, 2012). Naturwissenschaften, 96(5), 631-635. http://www.springerlink.com/content/96hh785038172pq0/?p=2d643a9f547444d5abaaed7c8e53b62d&pi=9 doi: 10.1007/s00114-009-0511-3, Triantafyllidis A, Krieg F, Cottin C, Abatzopoulos TJ, Triantaphyllidis C, Guyomard R, 2002. Aquaculture in the Third Millennium. Bogut, I., Opacak, A., Stevic, I., Bogdanic, C., 1995. The revealed that levels of genetic diversity were much higher than previous allozyme and restriction fragment length polymorphism mitochondrial DNA analyses had shown. 1 à 2 m de long, parfois plus, pour un poids de plus de 120 kg. (2005) gave S. glanis an intermediate mean risk score (21.5 out of 54 possible points). In parts of its native range (e.g. Le Silure glane n'est pas une espèce protégée, au contraire, il est considéré comme un parasite, vous n'avez donc pas besoin d'un permis pour le pêcher. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Alp A, Kara C, Buyukcapar HM, 2004. Gozlan et al. De nombreuses introductions ont été réalisées au cours de la seconde partie du XIXe siècle dans le cadre … 2008). The different routes of introduction are pertinent regarding release of non-native fish, as some routes such as angling have a greater risk of unregulated transfer activities from fishermen in unsupervised lakes. Tête aplatie, 6 barbillons très sensibles. There is considerable research on growth of S. glanis in aquaculture (Harka, 1984; Hilge, 1984, 1985; Mareš et al. Voracious invader or benign feline? Preliminary telemetry data on the patterns and habitat use of European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a reservoir of the River Ebro, Spain. Voracious invader or benign feline? Le silure est originaire d’Europe centrale. The wels catfish S. glanis is part of the family Siluridae, a group of freshwater fish native to Europe, Asia and Africa. Présentation de Silurus glanis (Silure glane) : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … The skin can be used in glue and leather manufacture. They can also use holes or burrows of clay and muddy bottom substrate of lakes and ponds and are often hidden among dense macrophyte cover. Within these habitats the fish prefer benthic woody tree root habitats and stony crevices for refuge and cover. Investigating the catch returns and growth rate of Wels catfish (Siluris glanis), using mark-recapture. size, growth rate, survival rate, and reproductive success. l'introduction du silure par l'homme soit à la fois attestée et ait réussi ; le record local est un individu de 75 kg pris au filet record taille silure russie en 1882 (SCHMID, 1996). © Copyright 2021 CAB International. [ISBN 90-71625-03-6], Hilge, V, 1984. In contrast, O. mykiss total production was 300,000 tonnes in 2005, and the figure had risen to 700,000 tonnes in 2010 and was likely to increase (FAO, 2012; Linhart et al. Age at maturity is 3-4 yrs. Prokeš, M., Baruš, V., Penáz, M., Hamácková, J., Kouril, J., 1999. Most research on the environmental requirements of S. glanis has been focussed on introduced ranges in western Europe rather than northern habitats, as warmer water temperatures cause more serious ecological impacts, for example rapid growth (Boulêtreau et al. 2012). Hamácková, J., Kouril, J., Adámek, Z., Vachta, R., Stibranyiová, I., 1993. Bokor, Z., Urbányi, B., Horváth, L., Müller, T., Horváth, A., 2012. > 0°C, dry winters), CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered), Competition - monopolizing resources; Predation, CR (IUCN red list: Critically endangered); USA ESA listing as endangered species, DIAS, Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 16:450-456, Cirkovic, M., Ljubojevic, D., Ðordevic, V., Novakov, N., Petronijevic, R., Matekalo-Sverak, V., Trbovic, D., 2012. Artificial spawning and feeding of European catfish, Silurus glanis L., in Turkey. Gillnet selectivity and its relationship with body shape for 8 freshwater species. 1996; Ulikowski et al. On compte aujourd'hui 14 espèces identifiées de silures (genre Silurus) dont la plus connue est le silure glane. Sexual maturity is generally 3-4 yrs, between 39-71 cm length. Weight and linear growth of wels (Silurus glanis L.) up to one month of age in aquarium rearing. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/statusreviews/sturgeon_5foreign.pdf, Naylor RL, Williams SL, Strong DR, 2001. Wels catfish is the largest fish of the order Siluriformes and can attain a maximum length of 500 cm, although it more commonly reaches 300 cm. Fontenay-sous-Bois, France: Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, 92 pp, Varadi, L., Szucs, I., Pekar, F., Blokhin, S., Csavas, I., 2001. Colis de 3kgs. The species is popular with anglers, and a minority of anglers are in favour of releasing it into to rivers, while others are content that it remains in licensed lakes. 2002; Ulikowski et al. Festival teriaki 2015. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. 2010). Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, Seria H, Rybactwo, 102(1):131-167. Congélation possible à réception. http://www.fishbase.org. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23:654-660, Carol J, Zamora L, García-Berthou E, 2007. Their paired pelvic fins are each made up of one spine and 11-12 soft rays and have paired pectoral fins of one spine and 14-17 soft rays. Conservation entre + 0 et + 2° C : D L C 3 jours à réception. pond cultivation. Le silure glane. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(5), 775-780. http://vetdergi.kafkas.edu.tr/extdocs/2012_5/775-780.pdf, Clavero M, García-Berthou E, 2006. Females deposit eggs at 30,000 per kg of body weight. Silure glane — Wikipédi . Habitat et comportement. Non-native fishes and climate change: predicting species responses to warming temperatures in a temperate region. Son alimentation principale est le plus souvent représentée par les cyprinidés les plus abondants dans son environnement tels que brèmes, carassins, carpes, tanches, rotengles, chevesnes, barbeaux, hotus, etc. Isolation of microsatellite loci in European catfish, Silurus glanis. Although the genetic structure and phylogeography have been studied in its native range, there is little information known about the genetic characteristics of S. glanis in its introduced range (Copp et al., 2009). The skin can be used in glue and leather manufacture. Évolution de son aire de répartition et prédiction de son extension ([English title not available]). Penil (2004) suggests that it may expand its range by movement in man-made canal networks. Is European catfish a threat to eels in southern France? S. glanis has fewer alleles than S. aristotelis and S. triostegus but similar observed and expected heterozygosities (Krieg et al., 1999). Il fréquente les eaux calmes, troubles, sombres et profondes à fonds vaseux. Fischokologie, 6:7-20, Kottelat M, Freyhof J, 2007. Ovaries are in caudal posterior cavity in females, on maturity they expand into abdominal cavity, and are small in size. The tiny dorsal fin on its upper body, rounded caudal fin and strong upper body assist the swimming motion. S. glanis is a warm water predatory fish with fast growth rate (Cirkovic, 2012); cultured fish can attain a mean length increment of >15cm TL within 4 months at optimum temperatures >26ºC (Hilge, 1989). Turk Veterinerlik ve Hayvancilik Dergisi, 28:613-622, Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardes, F., Carol, J., García-Berthou, E., 2011. Sperm cryopreservation of two European predator fish species, the Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) and the Wels Catfish (Silurus glanis). Status and development tendencies of freshwater aquaculture production in Bulgaria. Use of frozen zooplankton in the intense rearing of European catfish (Silurus glanis L.) larvae. Le plus grand poisson d'eau douce de Wallonie . Pisciculture Francaise, No. Establishment may be more sporadic in northern countries such as Belgium and the UK where temperatures are less favourable (Elvira, 2001; Britton and Pegg, 2007).