The National Center of the Arts established the puppet theatre in 1976. It belongs to the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, and its cathedral, small school and other buildings are in Central Tunis. Tunisia population density. Tunis is a center of Tunisian culture. Among the high schools in the capital, the best-known are the Lycée de la Rue du Pacha (founded 1900), Lycée Bab El Khadhra, Lycée de la Rue de Russie, Lycée Bourguiba (formerly Lycée Carnot de Tunis), and the Lycée Alaoui. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) Strömsborg, SE-103 34 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: +46 8 698 37 00 [4][5], Another possibility is that it was derived from the Berber verbal root ens which means "to lie down" or "to pass the night". [63], The presence of modern churches in Tunis are also testimony to the French presence for half a century. Fertility rate, total (births per woman) - Tunisia ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. [16] The medina of Tunis, the oldest section of the city, dates from this period, during which the region was conquered by the Umayyad emir Hasan ibn al-Nu'man al-Ghasani. Electricity generation from wind power strongly increased The Olympic village was financed by an investment estimated at 50 million dinars. In 1964 the Dar Ben Abdallah, a palace probably dating back to the 18th century, became the seat of the capital's Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions. As of 2020[update], it is the fourth-largest city in the Maghreb region (after Casablanca and Algiers and Tripoli) and the sixteenth-largest in the Arab world. It was completely rebuilt in 864 and is a prestigious place of worship, and was long an important place of culture and knowledge with the University of Ez-Zitouna on the premises until the independence of Tunisia. The Théâtre municipal de Tunis, opened on 20 November 1902, showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts, drama, etc. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. [85] The capital is home to approximately 40% of the cars in Tunisia, with 700,000 cars on average used in the city per day. [7], The historical study of Carthage is problematic. Population Pyramids: Tunisia - 2004. * estimate for July 1, 2016 ** Internet User = individual who can access the Internet at home, via any device type and connection.More details. Population Pyramids: Tunisia - 2006. We do not currently publish estimates of population by ethnicity. The architectural heritage is also omnipresent in the homes of individuals and small palace officials as well as in the palace of the sovereign of Kasbah. Its collections developed rapidly, thanks to numerous archaeological discoveries in the surrounding territory. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. Domestic architecture (palaces and townhouses), official and civilian (libraries and administrations), religious (mosques and zaouïas) and services (commercial and fondouks) are located in the Medina. [84] In the 21st Century, the port of Tunis underwent further transformation with a marina as part of the redevelopment district of La Petite Sicile. It still hosts the main ceremonies marking the dates on the Muslim calendar and is regularly attended by the president. Nominal (current) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Tunisia is $39,952,095,561 (USD) as of 2017.; Real GDP (constant, inflation adjusted) of Tunisia reached $49,633,854,967 in 2017.; GDP Growth Rate in 2017 was 1.96%, representing a change of 951,795,445 US$ over 2016, when Real GDP was $48,682,059,522. The local climate is also affected somewhat by the latitude of the city, the moderating influence of the Mediterranean sea and the terrain of the hills. The first true sports facilities were managed under the French protectorate, as illustrated by the development of the Ksar Said racecourse and construction of the Stade Chedli Zouiten in the neighborhood of Belvedere, which had long been the main stadium in the capital before being supplanted by the Olympic stadium, Stade El Menzah, where EST and CA play their football today. In March temperatures may vary between 8 °C (46 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F), and between 13 °C (55 °F) and 24 °C (75 °F) in May. Thus, Tunisia has initiated an early family planning program whose objective is the reduction in fertility. Cette statistique présente une prévision de l'évolution de la population totale de la Tunisie de 2014 à 2024, en millions d'habitants. [61] Six new gates were built including Bab El Khadra, Bab Saadoun, Bab El Allouj (initially called Bab Er-Rehiba), Khalid or Bab Bab Sidi Abdallah Cherif, Bab El Fellah and Bab Alioua. The current population of India in 2021 is 1,393,409,038, a 0.97% increase from 2020.; The population of India in 2020 was 1,380,004,385, a 0.99% increase from 2019.; The population of India in 2019 was 1,366,417,754, a 1.02% increase from 2018. Tunisia’s population is estimated at 11.72 million according to 2020 estimates. Countries are listed in alphabetical order. Blog - Follow us on Twitter - Buy a poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO:, Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100, Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries, Comparison of carbon emissions per country, List of countries ordered by their population size, Origin of the migrants stocks per country, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force), Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. Gulf finance house or GFH has invested $10 billion in order for the construction of tunis financial harbor, that will transform Tunisia as the gateway to Africa from Europe. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Also, as part of the major infrastructure project, the city's traffic lights were increased from 5,000 to 7,500. Today, each district has its culture and rivalries can be strong. Bab Cartagena gave access to Carthage, important for bringing in construction materials needed for the city. The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. However, it is common for temperatures to soar even as early as April with record temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F). A total of 285 unrelated subjects, 190 of whom had beta-thal major, 72 with Hb S/beta-thal, one with Hb C/beta-thal, one with Hb O- … It worked on promoting Arab music, on music education and training, and on cooperation with various partners both in Tunisia and abroad. Built by the Hafsid dynasty in the 15th century, the name Bardo comes from the Spanish word "prado" meaning a garden. The governorates of Tunisia as well as all cities and communes with at least 20,000 inhabitants. A regional gymnastics competition was held in Tunis in 1912 with the participation of thousands of French gymnasts. However, energy policy puts the emphasis on renewable energy. Tunisie : Abir Moussi aurait séquestré des députés (M. Korchid) Evolution de la population tunisienne (1921-2004) Avr 27, 2014 Al Hamra was one of the most famous theaters in the capital during the 1930s and 1940s. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. Tunis is the seat of the Diocese of Tunis, with the seat located at the Cathedral of St Vincent de Paul, The church was built in 1897 on the site of the old Christian cemetery of Saint-Antoine. population in the education, training, health and employment. At midday on 20 May 1943, the Allies held a victory parade on Avenue Maréchal Galliéni, and Avenue Jules Ferry, to signal the end of fighting in North Africa. [11] Not surprisingly, their accounts of Carthage are extremely hostile; while there are a few Greek authors who took a favourable view, these works have been lost. Among the priority lines were: Tunis-Borj Cédria (23 km) where modernization and electrification are already planned; Tunis-Mohamedia-Fouchana (19.4 km); Tunis-Manouba-Mnihla (19.2 km); Tunis-Ezzouhour-Sidi Hassine Séjoumi (13.9 km). Walls were built to protect the emerging principal town of the kingdom, surrounding the medina, the kasbah and the new suburbs of Tunis. The Arab League was headquartered in Tunis from 1979 to 1990. Under French rule, a substantial number of Europeans settled (like the Tunisian Italians); half of the population was European in origin. [63] The Hammouda Pasha Mosque, built in 1655, is the second mosque built by the Hanafi rite in Tunis. A naval expedition led by Charles himself was dispatched in 1535, and the city was recaptured. Overview Migration Activities Movement, Emergency and Post-crisis Migration Management Facilitating Migration Regulating Migration Migration and Development On 14 January 2011, following protests over high unemployment, corruption and widespread poverty, President Ben Ali dismissed the government and fled the country. Between 1928 and 1955 the city hosted nine rounds of the Grand Prix of Tunis, where notable drivers such as Marcel Lehoux, Achille Varzi, Tazio Nuvolari and Rudolf Caracciola took part. [52] Tunis attracts foreign investors (33% of companies, 26% of investments and 27% of employment), excluding several areas due to economic imbalances. [78] The library moved to its current location on Boulevard 9 April in 1938. Known as Tunis Sports City, it will expand around the lake of Tunis, on the road to La Marsa. The economic structure of Tunis, as well as that of the country, is overwhelmingly tertiary industry. This program has yielded significant results since the rate of population growth declined from 3.0% in 1966 to 0.94% in 2004. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. Tunis is served by the Tunis-Carthage International Airport. Arabs constitute 98% of the total population, Europeans constitute 1% and Jews and others account for 1%. Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis, List of twin towns and sister cities in Tunisia, European enclaves in North Africa before 1830, "Tunisia: Governorates, Major Cities, Communes & Urban Agglomerations", "The Neo-Punic Inscriptions and Coin Legends", "Carthage – 1960, Page 11 by B. H. Warmington. [89] Old buildings have gradually been renovated and upgraded and new buildings have come to influence the urban landscape. [75] The ancient city of Carthage is located just north of Tunis along the coastal part. After the advent of independence, a museum was built there to relate the details of the national struggle between 1938 and 1952. In addition, groundwater is easily accessible through the drilling of deep wells, providing water for the different agriculture crops. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. The National Military Museum, opened in 1989 in the suburbs west of the city, holds a collection of 23,000 weapons, 13,000 of which date back to the 19th century, and some of which were used by the Tunisian troops during the Crimean War. [2][3] Some scholars claim that it originated from Tynes, which was mentioned by Diodorus Siculus and Polybius in the course of descriptions of a location resembling present-day Al-Kasbah; Tunis's old Berber village. After independence, in the 1960s, the National Board of Seaports, which supports all ports in the country, modernized the infrastructure of the port of Tunis. (mid-2011 estimates) Below is the area and population of each country. [35] The city is located at the crossroads of a narrow strip of land between Lake Tunis and Séjoumi. Lire la suite. Only the Bey of Tunis refused to comply, with the result that Blake's fifteen ships attacked the Bey's arsenal at Porto Farina (Ghar el Melh), destroying nine Algerian ships and two shore batteries, the first time in naval warfare that shore batteries had been eliminated without landing men ashore. Profits obtained from the trade in Christian slaves allowed the rulers to build sumptuous structures that revived the architectural heritage of the Middle Ages.[15]. It assigns a code to the new Manouba governorate. [12] The existence of the town is attested by sources dating from the 4th century BC. The Olympic stadium and village area was built to accommodate the Mediterranean Games in 1967. [citation needed], During the Mercenary War, it is possible that Tunis served as a center for the native population of the area,[13] and that its population was mainly composed of peasants, fishermen, and craftsmen. Contents: Population. Primary industry such as agriculture, however, is active in specialized agricultural areas on the suburbs, particularly in the wine and olive oil industries. In addition, unemployment is high in young people aged 18 to 24, with one in three unemployed as compared to one in six at the national level. Recorded history in Tunisia begins with the arrival of Phoenicians, who founded Carthage and other North African settlements in the 8th century B.C. Tunis also benefited from French construction of a water supply, natural gas and electricity networks, public transport services and other public infrastructure. These ancient buildings include: With an area of 270 hectares (over 29 hectares for the Kasbah)[57] and more than 100,000 people, the Medina comprises one-tenth of the population of Tunis. Taking advantage of divisions within the ruling house, Algerians captured Tunis in 1756 and put the country under supervision. [63] This includes a network of Catholic buildings, including the Church of St. Joan of Arc, but also with the Protestant Reformed Church and the Anglican church Saint-Georges. A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. The city is mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana as Thuni. The population of Tunisia is primarily of Berber ancestral origin (>60%). Tunisia was the only Arab country to come under direct German occupation during World War II.According to Robert Satloff, “From November 1942 to May 1943, the Germans and their local collaborators implemented a forced-labor regime, confiscations of property, hostage-taking, mass extortion, deportations, and executions. The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population. The largest Park, Belvédère Park, was founded in 1892 overlooks Lake Tunis. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Tunisia. The number of male is 5 472.4 thousands, forming 49.8% of the population. In the economic sphere, commercial activities expanded and diversified as modern industries continued to grow, while traditional industry continued to decline. annual growth rate has decreased from 1.8% in 1990-1995 to 0.8% in 2010 2014.Despite the decrease of the share of - the rural population from 40.4% to 32.8% in the same period, the rural population increased from 3.3 to 3.6 million in the same period. The present study attempts to delineate the spectrum of beta-thalassemia (thal) mutations in Tunisia by studying a large population from different parts of the country. There are also a number of other post-secondary institutions, such as the National School of Engineers of Tunis, the National School of Science, the Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, and the Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis. [88] The city further put itself onto the international basketball map as it hosted the FIBA Africa Championship 1965 and the FIBA Africa Championship 1987. Under Articles 43 and 24 of the Constitution of 1959,[46] Tunis and its suburbs host the national institutions: the Presidential Palace, which is known as Carthage Palace, residence of the President of Tunisia, the Chamber of Deputies and the Chamber of Advisors and parliament, the Constitutional Council and the main judicial institutions and public bodies. Tunis is the heartland of the Tunisian economy and is the industrial and economic hub of the country, home to one third of Tunisian companies—including almost all the head offices of companies with more than fifty employees, with the exception of the Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa, headquartered in Gafsa—and produces a third of the national gross domestic product. Both gunmen were killed by Tunisian police. Kasserine Pass, to the northwest, was the scene of a decisive battle of the Tunisian campaign in World War II, which contributed to the collapse of It represents, in the 2004 census, 9.9% o the tot population o Tunisie. Following the municipal elections of 6 May 2018, Ennahdha obtained 21 seats out of 60. Area: Area of Manouba is included in Ariana.