Common examples include Vietnamese noodle vendors, Middle Eastern falafel stands, New York City hot dog carts, and taco trucks. Advertising on Spanish speaking channels increased by 8% in 2012, with KFC and Burger King increasing spending in this demographic by 35% while cutting down on their regular advertising within English speaking channels. : Choose from rich offer buffets and fast food. Pizza is a common fast food category in the United States, with nationwide chains including Papa John's, Domino's Pizza, Sbarro and Pizza Hut. [58] Pizza Hut is located in 97 countries, with 100 locations in China. [28] However, some areas are more affected than others. “The McLawsuit: The Fast-Food Industry And Legal Accountability For Obesity.” Health Affairs, 2003, www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.22.6.207. Excessive consumption of fatty ingredients such as these results in unbalanced diet. As automobiles became popular and more affordable following World War I, drive-in restaurants were introduced. Schultz, Howard and Yang, Dori Jones. Ce dernier a aussi participé à la création du film : il en est le coscénariste et le producteur délégué. Für die Hersteller dieser Speisen siehe Kategorie:Betrieb der Systemgastronomie und Kategorie:Betriebsstätte der Imbissgastronomie.. 2006. Fast-food (AFI : [ˈfæst ˈfʊd]; traduzido do inglês, significa "comida rápida") ou, em Portugal, também comida pronta, é o nome genérico dado ao consumo de refeições produzidas em massa que podem ser preparadas e servidas em um intervalo pequeno de tempo. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Le soir, alors que Buffy discute avec Spike qui est venu la voir, un employé est assassiné. [38] Due to this competition, fast food giants have seen dramatic drops in their sales. [54] Subway is one of the fastest growing franchises in the world with approximately 39,129 restaurants in 90 countries as of May 2009,[55] the first non-US location opening in December 1984 in Bahrain. Levinstein, Harvey. Fast food zıwanê ma de beno rew werdış, namê werdanê ke bufe u restoranan de pewciyenê u uca de weriyenê. A quick serving of South Indian thali at Haldiram's Gurgaon restaurant. [citation needed], Over time, fast food restaurants have been growing rapidly, especially in urban neighborhoods. While typical Idli and Dosa is fast food in Southern India, in Maharashtra it is misal-pav, pav-bhaji, and poha. Some trace the modern history of fast food in the United States to 7 July 1912, with the opening of a fast food restaurant called the Automat in New York. "The Structure of Teenage Employment: Social Background and the Jobs Held by High School Seniors." Fastfood består ofte af sandwiches, hamburgers, fish and chips, kebab, pitabrød, pommes frites, taco, pizza, selv om mange fastfoodrestauranter tilbyder andre retter som ikke er ligeså letspiste, som f.eks. (anglicisme) recommandation officielle pour "fast-food". Numerous Automat restaurants were built around the country to deal with the demand. This kind of litigation raises the important question of who, if anyone, ought to be held accountable for the economic and public health consequences of obesity. [31] It was the first-ever recall of a genetically modified food. The use of additives, including salt, sugar, flavorings and preservatives, and processing techniques may limit the nutritional value of the final product. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Fast food hè una parulla inglese chì vole dì : «alimentazione rapida». Sometimes the fries are served with combinations of sauces, most famously speciaal (special): mayonnaise, with (spiced) ketchup and chopped onions; and oorlog (literally "war"): mayonnaise and peanut sauce (sometimes also with ketchup and chopped onions). Domino's Pizza is also a popular fast food restaurant. [20] By 1910, there were more than 25,000 fish and chip shops across the UK, and in the 1920s there were more than 35,000 shops. "Are Children Prey for Fast Food Companies?" Berkeley: University of California P, 2003. Other smaller sub shops include Blimpie, Jersey Mike's Subs, Mr. Goodcents, Jimmy John's, and Firehouse. In the latter case, a contract is made between the franchisee and the parent company, typically requiring the franchisee to pay an initial, fixed fee in addition to a continual percentage of monthly sales. 1. In Nigeria, Mr. Bigg's, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. ", "Halal dispute over Kentucky Fried Chicken", "Fast-Food Update: Where Are the Promised Obesity Lawsuits? [40] However, it was not until 2011 that Congress requested guidelines be put in place by the CFBAI, FDA, Agriculture Department, and Centers for Disease Control. In addition, although some people dislike fast food for its predictability, it can be reassuring to a hungry person in a hurry or far from home. By 1954, The McDonald brothers' stand was restaurant equipment manufacturer Prince Castle's biggest purchaser of milkshake blending machines. [28], In March 2010, Taco Bell opened their first restaurant in India. In addition to home-grown chains such as Supermac's, numerous American chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have also established a presence in Ireland. The Insta-Broiler oven proved so successful at cooking burgers, they required all of their franchises to carry the device. As a consequence, parent companies tend to deal with franchisee violations in a more relaxed manner. In his best-selling 2001 book Fast Food Nation, investigative journalist Eric Schlosser leveled a broad, socioeconomic critique against the fast food industry, documenting how fast food rose from small, family-run businesses (like the McDonald brothers' burger joint) into large, multinational corporate juggernauts whose economies of scale radically transformed agriculture, meat processing, and labor markets in the late twentieth century. Homes in emerging cities often lacked adequate space or proper food preparation accouterments. Such fast food outlets often come with a "drive-through" service that lets customers order and pick up food from their vehicles. However, the Burger King market found that this name was already a registered trademark to a takeaway food shop in Adelaide. Jollibee is the leading fast food chain in the country with 1,000 stores nationwide. C'est un travail ingrat ; l'ambiance est assez lourde et le directeur semble bien étrange. 1952)[3][4][5][6] are multinational corporations with outlets across the globe. "The Ethics of What We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter". The chorus was based on the Moroccan folk tune "A Ram Sam Sam". A number of fast food worker strikes occurred in the United States in the 2010s. November 13, 2015. Kebab houses are a form of fast food restaurant from the Middle East, especially Turkey and Lebanon. [citation needed], Eating fast food has been linked to, among other things, cardiovascular disease, colorectal cancer, obesity, high cholesterol, insulin resistance conditions and depression. The United Kingdom's signature type of fast food restaurant is a fish and chip shop, which specializes in fish and chips and also other foods such as kebabs and burgers. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, onion rings, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream, though many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. The term "fast food" was recognized … Fast Food Nation. [4][5][6][7][8] Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. Australian pizza chains Eagle Boys and Pizza Haven also entered the market in the 1990s, but their New Zealand operations were later sold to Pizza Hut and Domino's. [12] Thus, urbanites were encouraged to purchase pre-prepared meats or starches, such as bread or noodles, whenever possible. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[52][clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2018 – Cost & Trends", "The link between fast food and depression has been confirmed", "Susan Cohan Colon Cancer Foundation: Prevention: Eating Well/Diet", "Red meat and colon cancer – Harvard Health", "Pre-pregnancy fried food consumption and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study", "Exporting Diabetes to Asia: The Impact of Western-Style Fast Food", "Definition of Fast Foods | LIVESTRONG.COM", "Nutritional challenges and health implications of takeaway and fast food", "Harry Ramsden's famous original fish and chip shop faces closure after losses", "The Evolution of the Quick Service Restaurant", "BLS.gov: Food and Beverage Serving and Related Workers", "Resistant to the recession: low-income adults' maintenance of cooking and away-from-home eating behaviors during times of economic turbulence", "Super-Sizing public costs: How Low Wages at Top Fast-Food Chains Leave Taxpayers Footing the Bill", "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-wage jobs in the Fast Food Industry", "A New Method to Monitor the Contribution of Fast Food Restaurants to the Diets of US Children", "Federation of Fish Friers – Serving the Fish and Chips Industry – History", "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2015 – Cost & Trends", "Where to Eat? Fast Food ist eine Form der Nahrungszubereitung und -darreichung, bei der Rationalität und Funktionalität der Nahrungszubereitung bzw. In 2018, the fast food industry was worth an estimated $570 billion globally.[1]. Food service chains partner with food equipment manufacturers to design highly specialized restaurant equipment, often incorporating heat sensors, timers, and other electronic controls into the design. In the Netherlands, walk-up fast food restaurants with automatiek, a typical Dutch vending machine, are found throughout the country, most notably in Amsterdam. Harvey's is a Canadian-only burger restaurant chain, present in every province. In large cities, these restaurants may offer free delivery for purchases over a minimum amount. [26], The United States has the largest fast food industry in the world, and American fast food restaurants are located in over 100 countries. Also, Whataburger is a popular burger chain in the American South, and Jack in the Box is located in the West and South. Caloric Intake from Fast Food Among Adults: United States, 2007–2010, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fast_food&oldid=999258020, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. chili con carne, potetstappe eller salater. Momo, Haldiram's, Faaso's and Café Coffee Day. - Evan Schaeffer's Legal Underground", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fast_food_restaurant&oldid=996749432, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2012, Wikipedia pages semi-protected from banned users, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with limited geographic scope from April 2012, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1872: Walter Scott of Providence, RI outfitted a horse-drawn lunch wagon with a simple kitchen, bringing hot dinners to workers, 1994: Arctic Circle becomes the first fast food restaurant to sell. Food Britannia. [56] Wienerwald has spread from Germany into Asia[57] and Africa. 113 No. Research in social stratification and mobility 25.3 (2007): 189–203. November 2003. vol. Following standard operating procedures, pre-cooked products are monitored for freshness and disposed of if holding times become excessive. Catering trucks (also called food trucks) often park just outside worksites and are popular with factory workers. The Atlantic. There is a strong priority on "speed of service". These doner kebabs or shawarmas are distinct from shish kebabs served on sticks. In September and October 2000, during the Starlink corn recalls, up to $50 million worth of corn-based foods were recalled from restaurants as well as supermarkets. are represented in major Russian cities. [61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72][73][74], The intake of fast food is increasing worldwide. It is served in most Dutch fast food restaurants. [25], Many companies also adapt to their different local areas to support the needs of the customers. By comparison, only 16% of those on the Westside are such restaurants. [43], A study done by researchers from the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College saw results that suggest that when children watch more commercial television (and see more advertisements on fast food), they are more inclined to ask to visit these subsequent fast food restaurants. Die Zeitspanne zwischen Zubereitung und Übergabe des Produktes beträgt meist weniger als zehn Minuten. In 2012 the fast food industry spent $4.6 billion to advertise unhealthy products to children and teens according to a report by the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. [33] Menus are more limited and standardized than in traditional pizzerias, and pizza delivery is offered. Fastfood of gemaksvoedsel is een verzamelnaam voor voedsel dat snel bereid en geserveerd wordt en relatief goedkoop is. Originally opened in 1953, the founders and owners of the chain, Kieth G. Kramer and his wife's uncle Matthew Burns, opened their first stores around a piece of equipment known as the Insta-Broiler. This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to delivering the order quickly to the customer and avoiding labor and equipment costs in the individual stores. "The McLawsuit: The Fast-Food Industry And Legal Accountability For Obesity". Fish and chip shops are usually owned independently. [9] Many fast foods tend to be high in saturated fat, sugar, salt and calories. Fast food (z ang. [24] In most fast food chains, the number of franchised locations exceeds the number of company owned locations. Le fast-food fait partie intégrante du mode de vie Américain. Beaucoup d’additifs sont présents dans les aliments. This law was claimed to "[ban] frivolous lawsuits against producers and sellers of food and non-alcoholic drinks arising from obesity claims." Value meals at fast food restaurants are common as a merchandising tactic to facilitate bundling, up-selling, and price discrimination. [37] Fast food has been losing market share to fast casual dining restaurants, which offer more robust and expensive cuisines. Richard and Maurice McDonald opened a barbecue drive-in in 1940 in the city of San Bernardino, California. Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart had already opened the first Horn & Hardart Automat in Philadelphia in 1902, but their "Automat" at Broadway and 13th Street, in New York City, created a sensation. [35], Fast food outlets have become popular with consumers for several reasons. Fast food was originally created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. [15] Quiznos a Denver-based sub shop is another fast-growing sub chain, yet with over 6,000 locations it is still far behind Subway's 34,000 locations. [35] The number of children and adolescents as well as adults eating out everyday is only seen to progress and rise. but take great pains to point out to the customer that the "meat and potatoes" (hamburgers and french fries) are always cooked fresh (or at least relatively recently) and assembled "to order" (like at a diner). This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 11:57. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, and ice cream, although many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. [39], In contrast to the rest of the world, American citizens spend a much smaller amount of their income on food — largely due to various government subsidies that make fast food cheap and easily accessible. Il n'y a pas de problèmes, j'aime! Harper Collins Publishers. [10], The traditional family dinner is increasingly being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food. As a result of this new desire to have it all, coupled with the strides made by women while the men were away, both members of the household began to work outside the home. This requires a high degree of food engineering. Wireless systems allow orders placed at drive through speakers to be taken by cashiers and cooks. Le fast-food débute donc exclusivement et s'étend tout d'abord sur le territoire américain qui est son principal fondateur. In some cases, this can garner more attention than the food. Eating fast food is bad for your health. Meat is shaven from a rotisserie, and is served on a warmed flatbread with salad and a choice of sauce and dressing. [44] Specifically, fast food restaurants have been increasing their advertising efforts that target black and Hispanic youth. Upon opening for business, the franchisee oversees the day-to-day operations of the restaurant and acts as a manager of the store. Merdumo modern bêwaxt bi, her çi ebe teqeze resnênê ta, werdena xorê ki zaf waxt nêmendêne. Their streamlined production method, which they named the "Speedee Service System" was influenced by the production line innovations of Henry Ford. Popular methods of advertising include television, product placement in toys, games, educational materials, songs, and movies, character licensing and celebrity endorsements, and websites. The Moscow restaurant is the busiest in the world. In comparison, the full-service restaurant segment of the food industry is expected to generate $173 billion in sales. 2. Mcginley, Lou Ellen with Stephanie Spurr. Some emerging Indian food chains include Wow! [60], Fast-food chains have come under criticism over concerns ranging from claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. Fish is battered and then deep fried, and served with deep fried potato strips.[34]. Variations on the fast food restaurant concept include fast casual restaurants and catering trucks. Turo-Turo vendors (Tagalog for point point) are a feature of Philippine life. [47] Voir aussi : Fastfood , fastfood , fast-food Some of the most popular foods include frango assado (Piri-piri grilled chicken previously marinated), francesinha, francesinha poveira, espetada (turkey or pork meat on two sticks) and bifanas (pork cutlets in a specific sauce served as a sandwich). Workers, and working families, needed quick service and inexpensive food for both lunch and dinner. Fast food is a type of mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on "speed of service" versus other relevant factors involved in culinary science. Canada pizza chains Topper's Pizza and Pizza Pizza are primarily located in Ontario. 1940) and KFC (est. In Canada the majority of fast food chains are American owned or were originally American owned but have since set up a Canadian management/headquarters locations such as Panera Bread, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Five Guys, and Carl's Jr.. However, brands like Wimpy still remain,[18] although the majority of branches became Burger King in 1989. A patatje speciaal, with frietsaus, curry ketchup or tomato ketchup, and chopped raw onions, is popular fast food in the Netherlands. A fast food chain restaurant is generally owned either by the parent company of the fast food chain or a franchisee – an independent party given the right to use the company's trademark and trade name. Because non-consumption of beef is a cultural norm in light of India's Dharmic beliefs, Taco Bell had to tailor its menu to the dietary distinctions of Indian culture by replacing all of the beef with chicken. In order for the American business to succeed it would have to be accepted and integrated into the daily lives of natives in Moscow. [39] While overall fast food sales have fallen, the number of Americans who eat in these restaurants "once a month or 'a few times a year'" has risen. Il y a un demi siecle, les freres mcDonalds créaient le premier fast-food. Schlosser argues that while the innovations of the fast food industry gave Americans more and cheaper dining options, it has come at the price of destroying the environment, economy, and small-town communities of rural America while shielding consumers from the real costs of their convenient meal, both in terms of health and the broader impact of large-scale food production and processing on workers, animals, and land. Fast food is the term for a kind of food that people eat from a restaurant, cafe or take-out where food is prepared and served quickly.