The smallest administrative units in Kenya are called locations. Besides the former Super League team, he has played for the Widnes Vikings and with the Sale Sharks. An article published in the New York Times in December of 1973 praised Kenyatta's leadership and Kenya for emerging as a model of pragmatism and conservatism. More than 80,000 members of the Kikuyu ethnic group were held in detention camps without trial, often subject to brutal treatment. It is bordered to the north by South Sudan and Ethiopia, to the east by Somalia and the Indian Ocean, to the south by Tanzania, and to the Githeri is a common lunchtime dish in many households, while Ugali with vegetables, sour milk (mursik), meat, fish, or any other stew is generally eaten by much of the population for lunch or supper. Cricket is another popular sport, also ranking as the most successful team sport. Kenya has close ties with its fellow Swahili-speaking neighbours in the African Great Lakes region. [192] Kenya has by far the highest number of Quakers of any country in the world, with around 146,300 members. Constituencies are an electoral subdivision, with each county comprising a whole number of constituencies. (3) The State shall–-–- (a) promote and protect the diversity of language of the people of Kenya; and (b) promote the development and use of indigenous languages, Kenyan Sign language, Braille and other communication formats and technologies accessible to persons with disabilities.". According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, in 2011 there were 65,000 qualified nurses registered in the country, 8,600 clinical officers, and 7,000 doctors, for the population of 43 million people (these figures from official registers include those who have died or left the profession, hence the actual number of these workers may be lower).[196]. Lt. Col. Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck took command of the German military forces, determined to tie down as many British resources as possible. [220][221] The women's team has competed at the Olympics and World Championships, though without any notable success. [141] In 2017, Kenya ranked 92nd in the World Bank ease of doing business rating from 113rd in 2016 (of 190 countries). The Swahili built Mombasa into a major port city and established trade links with other nearby city-states, as well as commercial centres in Persia, Arabia, and even India. The largest native ethnic groups were the Kikuyu (8,148,668), Luhya (6,823,842), Kalenjin (6,358,113), Luo (5,066,966), Kamba (4,663,910), Somalis (2,780,502), Kisii (2,703,235), Mijikenda (2,488,691), Meru (1,975,869), Maasai (1,189,522), and Turkana (1,016,174). Kenyans generally have three meals in a day—breakfast (kiamsha kinywa), lunch (chakula cha mchana), and supper (chakula cha jioni or simply chajio). The 200-page Action Plan, developed with support from the Climate & Development Knowledge Network, sets out the Government of Kenya's vision for a 'low-carbon climate resilient development pathway'. [78], In 1991, Kenya transitioned to a multiparty political system after 26 years of single-party rule. They probably came from Kenya", "Cement production keeps pace with growing demand", "Kenya: Employers' organizations taking the lead on linking the informal sector to formal Kenyan enterprises", "Jua Kali sector plays key role in economic development and job creation", "Peak Demands - Summary of Electricity Sub Sector Statistics", Kenya Aims to Build a Nuclear Power Plant by 2017, Kenya From Nowhere Plans East Africa's First Oil Exports: Energy, "Standard Digital News : : Business – Kenya joins mineral exporters as first titanium cargo leaves port", "Construction of Kenyan standard-gauge line suspended", NEWS: Kenya's National Climate Change Action Plan is officially launched, BBC News – Kenya oil discovery after Tullow Oil drilling, "China's scramble for Africa finds a welcome in Kenya", "The Invisible Child Worker in Kenya: The Intersection of Poverty, Legislation and Culture", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Why a new president may slow population growth, "Explosive Population Growth in Tropical Africa: Crucial Omission in Development Forecasts (Emerging Risks and Way Out)", "Myth shattered: Kibera numbers fail to add up", "World Water Day Focus on Global Sewage Flood", "Cross-linguistic influence in Kenyan English: The impact of Swahili and Kikuyu on syntax", "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume III: Distribution of Population by Age and Sex", Address data base of Reformed churches and institutions, The World Reformed Fellowship – Promoting Reformed Partnerships Worldwide – News, "World Distribution of Quakers, 2012 - QuakerInfo.com", "Kenya: International Religious Freedom Report 2008", "AIC Mission Hospital Kapsowar Official Website", WHO Health-Related Millennium Development Goals Report 2011, CIA World Factbook: HIV/AIDS – Adult Prevalence Rate Rankings, "IFs Forecast – Version 7.00 – Google Public Data Explorer", Kenya – Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008–09, "WHO – Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices", "Women's participation in the kenyan society", "MAKING JUSTICE WORK FOR WOMEN Kenya Country Report", "Government to review Early Childhood Development policy", "Kenya National Adult Literacy Survey report", "Varsity expansion blamed for half-baked graduates", On the Beat – Tapping the Potential of Kenya's Music Industry, "Furious Kenyans threaten to defect over taxes", "Kenya women's volleyball caps three decades of excellence | Kenya Page Blog", "Volleyball: Champions Kenya Scoop Major Continental Awards |", "Kenya beat Fiji to win their first Sevens World Series title", "HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series: Kenya shock Fiji and win maiden title in Singapore", FIA RALLY: Delecour takes points finish on Safari Rally debut, "Fast food finds fans in sub-Sahara Africa, where obesity problem is growing", US fast food chain to open first Kenya outlet in August – Money Markets, "Sonford Fish And Chips – Sonford Fish And Chips in Kenya Info Provided by Postel Yellowpages", Entrepreneur grows her hobby into a successful cheese making business, Official website of the Parliament of Kenya, World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Kenya, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kenya&oldid=998727681, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, States and territories established in 1963, Swahili-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2011, Articles needing additional references from December 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD-Kenya), Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD-Asili), Party of independent Candidates of Kenya (PICK), $41.84 billion (2012) at Market Price. Kenya's climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate inland to arid in the north and northeast parts of the country. The president is both the head of state and head of government. No. Popular Kenyan newspapers include: Television stations based in Kenya include: All of these terrestrial channels are transmitted via a DVB T2 digital TV signal. Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. Kenya has a number of media outlets that broadcast domestically and globally. [150], A consortium led by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has had some success in helping farmers grow new pigeon pea varieties instead of maize, in particularly dry areas. Dr. Fred Okengo Matiang'i, E.G.H. [83], In 1996, KANU revised the constitution to allow Moi to remain president for another term. [142] The important agricultural sector is one of the least developed and largely inefficient, employing 75% of the workforce compared to less than 3% in the food secure developed countries. The "long rains" season occurs from March/April to May/June. The two official languages, English and Swahili, are used in varying degrees of fluency for communication with other populations. [186] It has been developing since colonisation and also contains certain elements of American English. Other than the public schools, there are many private schools, mainly in urban areas. The Carrier Corps was formed and ultimately mobilised over 400,000 Africans, contributing to their long-term politicisation. There are an estimated 47 different communities, with Bantus (60%) and Nilotes (30%) constituting the majority of local residents. [57], From October 1952 to December 1959, Kenya was in a state of emergency arising from the Mau Mau rebellion against British rule. [51], The building of the railway was resisted by some ethnic groups—notably the Nandi, led by Orkoiyot Koitalel Arap Samoei for ten years from 1890 to 1900—however the British eventually built the railway. Median age at first marriage increases with increasing education. "[127] Nevertheless, there have been serious allegations of human rights violations, most recently while conducting counter-insurgency operations in the Mt Elgon area[128] and also in the district of Mandera central. In what are by Kenyan standards unprecedented revelations, in 2010, credible claims of corruption were made with regard to recruitment[130] and procurement of armoured personnel carriers. While travelling with a Kamba caravan led by the legendary long-distance trader Chief Kivoi, Krapf spotted the mountain peak and asked what it was called. The effects of these climatic changes have made already existing challenges with water security, food security and economic growth even more difficult. 7 [National, official and other languages] "(1) The national language of the Republic is Swahili. In 1994, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga died and several coalitions joined his FORD Kenya party to form a new party called United National Democratic Alliance. The World Bank estimated growth of 4.3% in 2012.[145]. [70], President Jomo Kenyatta's mixed legacy was highlighted at the 10 year anniversary of Kenya's independence. The Isukuti is a vigorous dance performed by the Luhya sub-tribes to the beat of a traditional drum called the Isukuti during many occasions such as the birth of a child, marriage, or funeral. The dormant volcano is located in Tanzania. [205] This work, which included linking producers to wholesalers, helped to increase local producer prices by 20–25% in Nairobi and Mombasa. Other attractions include the wildebeest migration at the Masaai Mara, which is considered to be the 7th wonder of the world; historical mosques, and colonial-era forts at Mombasa, Malindi, and Lamu; renowned scenery such as the white-capped Mount Kenya and the Great Rift Valley; tea plantations at Kericho; coffee plantations at Thika; a splendid view of Mount Kilimanjaro across the border into Tanzania;[149] and the beaches along the Swahili Coast, in the Indian Ocean. In March 2004, the three East African countries signed a Customs Union Agreement. Public universities in Kenya are highly commercialised institutions and only a small fraction of qualified high school graduates are admitted on limited government-sponsorship into programs of their choice. In 2011, Kenya began sending troops to Somalia to fight the Islamic terror group Al-Shabaab. Agriculture and Technology. Lyrics are most often in Kiswahili or English. December 16 1973. Most of the prostitutes in Kenya are aged 9–18. December 28 1973. [2], Kenya's various ethnic groups typically speak their mother tongues within their own communities. Rape, defilement, and battering are not always seen as serious crimes. Kenya, 10 Years Independent, Emerges as a Model of Stability. Telecommunications and financial activity over the last decade now comprise 62% of GDP. This was last seen in August and September 2011, prompting the Kenyans for Kenya initiative by the Red Cross.[152]. Kenyatta was "[a]ccompanied by 60 Kenyan business people [and hoped to] ... gain support from China for a planned $2.5 billion railway from the southern Kenyan port of Mombasa to neighboring Uganda, as well as a nearly $1.8 billion dam", according to a statement from the president's office, also at the time of the trip. Bass, guitar, and percussion are the usual instruments. Primarily consisting of a mixture of Kiswahili and English, it is an example of linguistic code-switching. Relations with Somalia have historically been tense, although there has been some military co-ordination against Islamist insurgents. [93], In 2013, Kenya held its first general elections after the new constitution had been passed. [20] The Agikuyu, who inhabit the slopes of Mt. Declaration of Human Rights. The shantytown is believed to house between 170,000[179] and 1 million people. Although it held on to power, KANU won 100 seats and lost 88 seats to the six opposition parties. 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