Par défaut, la vue 'Hybrid' vous montre une vue satellite superposée par quelques noms de rues. The large majority of the fighters were young and inexperienced men. In July 1944 as many as 10,000 German soldiers invaded the massif and killed more than 600 of the maquis, known as maquisards, and 200 civilians. Le Vercors s’étend sur un vaste massif de moyenne montagne entre Isère et Drôme. French director Jean-Paul Le Chanois made ''Au coeur de l'orage'' (In the Heart of the Thunderstorm), a documentary about the French Resistance during the Second World War, in 1948. about 400 paratroopers (special units from Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe Schäfer[34]). It was German's largest anti-partisan operation in Western Europe during World War II.[6]. On 3 July 1944 Farge and a committee proclaimed the founding of the Free Republic of Vercors, the first independent territory in France since the beginning of the German occupation in 1940. In August 1944, shortly after the battle for the Vercors, the area was liberated from German control by the American army allied with the French Forces of the Interior (FFI). Bien guidés vraiment libres ! 4 reserve mountain light infantry battalions (Btl. De Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte à Brantes, vous ferez alors la découverte de longs balcons, avant de rejoindre la zone désertique des hauts plateaux pour enfin basculer dans une région aux accents méditerranéens. [7] The lowlands surrounding the steep-sided plateau average about 250 metres (820 ft) in elevation above sea level while the top of the massif has an average elevation of about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) with a maximum elevation of 2,341 metres (7,680 ft) at Grand Veymont. Panzer-Division and 1 Ost-Bataillon); Aux portes du Vercors, Saint-Nazaire-en-Royans est un hameau pittoresque, situé sur le lac de retenue de l’Isère, juste au confluent avec la Bourne. German columns advanced south along a road from Saint-Nizier in the northeast and from the south along a road from the town of Die. Une gamme de cartes en relief, qui vous permet de découvrir et de comprendre le paysage de la France métropolitaine. Location of the Vercors massif. la carte ign Massif du Vercors au 1:75000 votre allié randonnée à la découverte du Parc du Vercors I./98, II./98, 99 and 100 from the Reserve-Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 1); The allies supported the maquis with parachute drops of weapons and by supplying teams of advisors and trainers, but the uprising was premature. by the early months of 1943, the forest and fastnesses of places like the Vercors had become home and refuge to a polyglot collection of the elements of defeated France: its new generations, its old administrators, its competing political parties, its heterodox communities and the scattered fragments of its once proud army. [15], The Germans had no soldiers stationed on the Vercors Massif, but in response to sabotage activities of the maquis conducted periodic raids usually launched from Grenoble. Pour en savoir plus, nous vous conseillons également de consulter le guide sur le Massif du Vercors ainsi que les photos du Massif du Vercors et le forum sur l'Isère. The long-expected allied landing in southern France took place on 15 August and the allied forces advanced rapidly northward, aided by the maquis. Descriptif complet » Pour zoomer ou dézoomer, vous pouvez utiliser les boutons + et - présents sur la carte. 3 Ost-Bataillonen (Ostlegionen); L'indispensable carte de randonnée IGN 3236OTR imprimée en recto-verso aux alentours de Villard-De-Lans/Mont Aiguille/Pnr du Vercors. Trouvez l’adresse qui vous intéresse sur la carte Lans-en-Vercors ou préparez un calcul d'itinéraire à partir de ou vers Lans-en-Vercors, trouvez tous les sites touristiques et les restaurants du Guide Michelin dans ou à proximité de Lans-en-Vercors. [31], According to the order of battle of 8 July 1944 from General Niehoff, Kommandant des Heeresgebietes Südfrankreich (military region of southern France), about operation Bettina against Maquis du Vercors, it appears that the Germans deployed nearly 10,000 soldiers and policemen under General Karl Pflaum:[32] Description : Les cartes IGN TOP75 sont taillées sur mesure pour les inconditionnels des activités de plein-air et les amoureux du patrimoine culturel et historique de nos régions. Reserve-Division of the Wehrmacht:[2] Eisenhower urged all the maquis in France to be cautious and patient; De Gaulle's emotional message was interpreted by the maquis as a call to take up arms immediately. Les cartes en relief de la marque française 3DMAP sont 100% conçues et fabriquées en France. A conserver dans son sac à dos. It was a daylight drop and the Germans quickly detected it and launched air strikes to bomb the canisters, the maquis attempting to recover them, and the village of Vassieux, destroying one-half of the 85 houses in the village. The glider landings were supported by warplanes bombing and strafing maquis positions. The maquis sent a bitter message to the Free French authorities in Algiers and to the SOE in London telling them that they were "criminals and cowards" for not sending help. To avoid the STO tens of thousands of men fled to the mountains and forests of France and joined the maquis, the rural resistance fighters against the German occupation. Longe spoke little or no French and Cammaerts took offense at the unannounced arrival of Longe's team, calling them "unprofessional voyeurs" and asserting his authority as the senior British official on the ground in southeastern France. One issue was whether the maquis should rise in armed opposition to the Germans immediately after D-Day or wait until later when they could be of maximum help to the allies. The contradictions are illustrated by the differences in the D-Day messages of allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower and Free French leader Charles de Gaulle. FIG 1 -Carte de localisation du massif du Vercors. [30], Casualties among the maquis during the battle were heavy with estimates of 659 maquis fighters and 201 civilians killed. De ce fait, il est divisé en plusieurs régions, géographiquement et historiquement distinctes : les Quatre Montagnes, les Coulmes, le Vercors Drôm… 2 reserve infantry battalions (Btl. B - Du point de vue structural le Vercors est, dans sa majeure partie, assez similaire à la partie occidentale de la Chartreuse. The first raid was on 25 November 1943 and resulted in a wireless operator captured and another wounded. L' Avis Du Vieux. It was made up of volunteers out of Fallschirmjäger-Bewährungstruppe (probationary troops), mustered at Tangerhütte and trained for three months at Dedelstorf in order to launch an attack from gliders. Only a few roads climb the steep slopes to access the massif and the population lives in a few small villages. Le Vercors. They investigate the events of the Second World War in Germany (the student movement of the White Rose in Munich), in France (the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup in Paris, the resistance in Vercors) and in Russia (Katyn Forest massacre). [8][9] Unlike a flat-topped mesa, three ridges run along the top of the massif from north to south. Beginning in 1942, the Service du Travail Obligatoire (STO) (Compulsory Work Service) resulted in the deportation of hundreds of thousands of young French men to Nazi Germany to work as labour for the German war effort. Massif du Vercors. Hors vacances d'octobre à mai : Lundi au vendredi de 09:00 à 12:00 (permanence téléphonique jusqu'à 17:00) Pour vous déplacer, rien de plus simple, il suffit de laisser appuyé le bouton gauche de la souris et de la déplacer. The maquis also anticipated incorrectly that allied paratroopers would land on the massif to assist them and that they would be supplied with anti-tank and other heavy weapons to fight the Germans. 217 remained in the southern Alps at Embrun); Massif du Vercors Le Vercors est un massif montagneux des Alpes françaises du Nord situé sur les départements de l' Isère et de la Drôme dans la région Rhône-Alpes. With eight to ten thousand soldiers, Pflaum established a cordon of soldiers around the massif to prevent the escape of maquis and on 21 July launched a full-scale attack. Massif du Vercors. The German response was to organize one of their largest anti-resistance military operations in France during World War II. ©2021 Visocrea | Mentions légales et Conditions d'utilisation | + d'infos sur Visoterra / Contact, Voir le Massif du Vercors dans Google Earth, Mentions légales et Conditions d'utilisation. Parcourez le monde grâce à cette carte du Massif du Vercors interactive. Notice explicative du plan de Parc: c’est une légende « améliorée » du plan de Parc, qui en facilite la compréhension et permet de faire le lien avec les mesures; Carte stratégique; Zoom Communauté de communes du Massif du Vercors Zoom Communauté de communes du Royans-Vercors Cartes … Les 13 et 15 juin, les Allemands, provoqués par le déploiement d'un immense drapeau aux couleurs de la République libre du Vercors, visible depuis la vallée, occupent Saint-Nizier, accès le plus aisé vers le massif du Vercors. Other units: Septembre : ouvert du lundi au samedi de 9h à 12h et de 14h30 à 18h - Dimanche de 9h30 à 12h30. The movie, composed of Allied clandestine film recordings and German newsreels, focuses on the battle of the Vercors Plateau during July 1944.[39]. During the remainder of June, the Germans sent several more probing attacks onto the Vercors. Working with the maquis to collect the canisters was a newly arrived SOE courier, Christine Granville (Krystyna Skarbek), "World War II's most glamorous spy. On 15 June the Germans returned with artillery and a larger force and forced the maquis to withdraw. Carte Lans-en-Vercors - Carte et plan détaillé Lans-en-Vercors Vous recherchez la carte ou le plan Lans-en-Vercors et de ses environs ? [17], The expectations of the Vercors maquis were that the invasion of southern France would be shortly after D-Day, when in reality it took place more than two months later. The preparations being made for these assaults were readily visible to the maquis; the surprise element in the offensive was the landing of 200 airborne soldiers by glider near the village of Vassieux in the rear of the maquis defense. Châteaux, forts, manoirs. Cammaerts arranged for the first airdrop of arms and supplies by the SOE to the Vercors maquis on 13 November 1943. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLieb2012 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFAshdown2014 (, Garmen, Emma, "World War II's Most Glamorous Spy,", Georg Tessin, "Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939 – 1945", Günther W. Gellermann, "Moskau ruft Heeresgruppe Mitte: Was nicht im Wehrmachtbericht stand - Die Einsätze des geheimen Kampfgeschwaders 200 im Zweiten Weltkrieg", Bernard & Graefe, Koblenz, 1988, German occupation of France in World War II, The Vercors in History through a few dates, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Vercors&oldid=999117997, Free French military personnel of World War II, Military history of France during World War II, Battles of World War II involving Germany, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 15:52. [13] In 1943, three men, mountaineer Pierre Dalloz, soldier Alain Le Ray, and writer Jean Prévost developed a plan to use the Vercors as a redoubt and a staging area for resistance to the German occupation. Les calcaires blancs à Rudistes (faciès urgonien), calcaires à grains fins d'une remarquable pureté chimique (99%) et d'une fai¬ ble porosité (1 à 3,8%), se disposent en bancs épais et compacts sur 200 à 300 m d'épaisseur. Ce massif se trouve à l'est de la vallée du Rhône, entre les vallées de l'Isère, au nord, et de la Drôme, au sud. Désactiver les filtres Filtrer la recherche. LE VERCORS (Isère, Massif des Alpes) - Carte touristique des sites à visiter Liberté chérie. 1 security battalion (I./Sicherungs-Regiment 200); Massif du Vercors; Liens externes. These characteristics would be important during the battle as the Germans took control of the water sources and ambushed maquis seeking water. [36] According to Peter Lieb, two gliders crashed and eight of them landed a bit further on, so the first wave of assault consisted only of about a hundred soldiers. 179 and 199 from the Reserve-Grenadier-Regiment 157 – Btl. Villes et villages à découvrir. Sur plus de 150 kilomètres, le GR ® 91 vous fait traverser le Vercors du nord au sud. Top75001 Massif du Vercors 1/75.000 (Français) Carte – Carte pliée, 24 février 2015 de IGN (Auteur) 4,8 sur 5 étoiles 7 évaluations. Camping Le Glandasse. 1 police battalion (I./SS-Polizei-Regiment 19); The Maquis du Vercors was a rural group of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) that resisted the 1940–1944 German occupation of France in World War II.The Maquis du Vercors used the prominent scenic plateau known as the Massif du Vercors (Vercors Plateau) as a refuge. The Union group departed France in May 1944. 79 out of the Reserve-Artillerie-Regiment 7).[33]. [37], Thomas and Ketley[34] wrote that the Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe "Schäfer" was detached from Kampfgeschwader 200 on 8 June 1944. The Vercors Massif is a roughly triangular-shaped plateau with a maximum north–south length of 60 kilometres (37 mi) and a maximum width of 40 kilometres (25 mi). [LA CHAPELLE EN VERCORS] (WIFI gratuit - Free WIFI) Tel : 04 75 48 22 54. [16], In the weeks leading up to the invasion of Normandy (D-Day) on 6 June 1944, the guidance and instructions given by the Allies to the maquis on the Vercors Massif were contradictory and inconsistent. "[25] [26], The large, daytime drop of weapons, instead of the usual smaller night drops, were criticized by the maquis leaders as igniting German worries that the Vercors would become a serious threat to their forces and lines of communications. [22], While François Huet was attempting to create a conventional army from the maquis, journalist and De Gaulle supporter Yves Farge was organizing the politics of the Vercors resistance. Günther Gellermann says that the Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe "Schäfer" was under Luftflotte 3 command and no longer under Kampfgeschwader 200 command.[38]. La technologie utilisée permet une grande précision.Esthétiques et ludiques, les cartes font aussi l'objet d'une recherche mettant en évidence le caractère et le patrimoine du territoire : informations touristiques, culturelles, sportives, géographiques. [19] The priorities of the allied forces were the Normandy front and the upcoming Operation Dragoon landing in Southern France, not the maquis of Vercors. On April 15, 1944 a caravan of 25 Milice vehicles attacked the village of Vassieux, burning several farms and shooting or deporting some of the inhabitants. Le Vercors : un massif, deux visages, un reportage de la rédaction de routard.com. Du relief général de la France jusqu’à ceux, plus détaillés du massif du Mont-Blanc, des Alpes ou des Pyrénées, c’est une vision en trois dimensions de vos régions préférées qui … Alpine troops crossed the formidable, but thinly defended, eastern ramparts of the massif. [37], On 23 July 1944, 3 Go-242 gliders (each with 2 pilots and 21 soldiers, or weaponry and supplies) towed by Heinkel-111 bombers, and 20 DFS-230 gliders[36] transported one Ost-Kompanie (Ostlegionen: Russian, Ukrainian and Caucasian volunteers) and a paratrooper platoon[35] from Valence-Chabeuil to Vassieux. Kampfgruppe "Zabel" (1 infantry battalion from the 9. The battle and the maquisards of Vercors also prominently feature in Frank Yerby's 1974 novel The Voyage Unplanned. Affichez sur la carte : Lieu incontournable. On D-Day, Cammaerts on the Vercors Massif, gave the message to the maquis that, while clandestine sabotage should continue, they should remain hidden as "it would be at least two months before they would be needed." Sa nature géologique principalement calcaire offre un relief fait de falaises, de crêtes, de vaux, de gorges, plus complexe que le qualificatif de « plateau» pourrait le laisser supposer. Eglises, abbayes, chapelles. The American team led by Hoppers and the SOE team led by Longe both escaped. It was a short-lived republic; it ceased to exist before the end of the month. The Maquis du Vercors was a rural group of the French Forces of the Interior (FFI) (maquis) that resisted the 1940–1944 German occupation of France in World War II. [14], In August 1943, Francis Cammaerts, code named Roger, an agent of the United Kingdom's clandestine Special Operations Executive (S0E) organization, journeyed to the Vercors and met with French soldier Eugène Chavant. Huet hid in the forests until 6 August when he attempted to rally his surviving forces and, reverting to guerilla tactics, on 8 August the maquis carried out several raids, claiming they killed 27 Germans. La vue 'Map' est une carte du Massif du Vercors routière alors que la vue 'Satellite' est évidemment une vue satellite. Vous pouvez également choisir différents types de vues. Almost all the 157. The maquis commander Huet had a meeting of his leaders and they decided to continue to fight until defeat was inevitable and then disperse to the forest and mountains of the massif, anticipating that the Germans would soon withdraw. 2 reserve artillery batteries (from Res.Geb.Art.Abt. Ils contraignent les maquisards à quitter le Vercors nord et à se replier au-delà des gorges de la Bourne. about 200 Feldgendarmen; According to the daily reports of OB West on 23 and 24 July 1944, forwarded by the Militärbefehlshaber in Frankreich, the following troops landed at Vassieux-en-Vercors on 21 and 23 July 1944:[35], On 21 July 1944 about 200 men from Fallschirmjäger-Bewährungstruppe (probationary troops) forming the Fallschirm-Kampfgruppe "Schäfer",[34] with several French volunteers (from the Sipo-SD of Lyons or from the 8th company of the 3rd regiment "Brandenburg"), were airborne in 22 DFS-230 gliders (each with 1 pilot and 9 soldiers) towed by bombers Dornier-17 out of I/Luftlandegeschwader 1, from Lyons-Bron to Vassieux-en-Vercors. He would have played an important part in the torture and the slaughter of the Maquisards of Vercors and the inhabitants of Vassieux. The area is 135,000 hectares (520 sq mi). He foresaw the Vercors and other nearby mountainous areas as drop zones for allied paratroopers who would work with the local maquis to tie down German military forces and assist the Allied forces in the contemplated invasion of southern France (Operation Dragoon) which was then in the planning stages. [28], By that first evening it was clear that the German assault was succeeding. Autre solution : utiliser les flèches de direction sur le plan. When Huet objected that he had neither the men nor the arms to defend Vercors, Descour assured him that the allies would send reinforcements. Le Grand Veymont, point culminant du massif du Vercors; Le Mont Aiguille, l'une des richesses naturelles du massif ... Afficher la carte Voir le site du camping France > Drôme > Die. Shot and wounded, he was evacuated in a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch on 24 July. Massif du Vercors Topoguide de randonnée - La Drôme, du Vercors à la Provence | FFR. The Free Republic had its own flag, i.e., the French Republic tricolour featuring the Cross of Lorraine and the "V" for Vercors and Victory (both used as a signature by General Charles de Gaulle's Free French Forces), and its coat of arms, the French Alpine Chamois. On 22 August the city of Grenoble was liberated from German control and maquis from the Vercors marched in the victory parade. La semaine à partir de 98 € 294 € 9,51/10 112 avis. Enfin, pour centrer la carte du Massif du Vercors sur un point précis, double cliquez dessus! [29], The last gasps of the organized resistance were on 23 July with the surviving maquis taking refuge in the forests or escaping to the lowlands surrounding the Vercors. Pour vous déplacer, rien de plus simple, il suffit de laisser appuyé le bouton gauche de la souris et de la déplacer. Le massif du Vercors, situé entre les villes de Grenoble et de Valence, ne compte pas moins de 200 000 hectares et est composé de 8 régions naturelles: Vercors-Drôme, Royans-Drôme, Royans-Isère, Diois, Trièves, Quatre-montagnes, Gervanne et Piémont Nord. Une offre riche pour voyager en toute sérénité. Initially the maquis carried out only sabotage and partisan operations against the Germans, but after the Normandy Invasion on 6 June 1944, the leadership of an army of about 4,000 maquis declared the "Free Republic of Vercors," raised the French flag, and attempted to create a conventional army to oppose the German occupation. Les cartes en relief sont une autre manière d’appréhender la représentation d’une région, d’un massif montagneux grâce à la 3D. Naviguez directement sur la carte ou sélectionnez les stations de ski de votre choix dans la liste proposée sur la gauche de la carte. 15,40 € Carte IGN TOP 75 n° 1 - Massif du Vercors. La première implantation fut le maquis de la Ferme d’Ambel en décembre 1942, sous couvert d’une exploitation forestière. The Maquis du Vercors used the prominent scenic plateau known as the Massif du Vercors (Vercors Plateau) as a refuge. The city of Grenoble, which had a large German military presence, is situated at the foot of the steep cliffs of the Vercors Massif at its northeastern edge. Communauté de communes du massif du Vercors - Pôle Tourisme 19 Chemin de la Croix Margot 38 250 Villard de Lans TEL : 0456005630 info@vercors.fr Ouverture : du lundi au vendredi de 9h à … Afficher Parc du Vercors sur une carte plus grandeParc du Vercors sur une carte plus grande A 30km de Grenoble, le massif du Vercors regroupe plusieurs stations-villages : Villard de Lans, Corrençon en Vercors, Autrans-Méaudre en Vercors, Lans en Vercors, St Nizier du Moucherotte et le Col de Romeyère, les Coulmes. Avec les reportages du guide du routard, découvrez en photo le monde avec un regard de routard. According to Peter Lieb, at least two DFS-230 and two Go-242 gliders landed a further on, only one Go-242 with weaponry and supplies landed on Vassieux, so the second wave of assault consisted only of about a hundred and fifty soldiers.