Holtzbrink Publishers. [82] Kelly Brownwell of The Atlantic Times has further supported this argument that another dangerous practice was adopted by Burger King and McDonald's for marketing to the innocent children. : Consommer de la restauration rapide est mauvais pour la santé. They normally offer a wide variety of Asian food (not always Chinese), which has normally been fried. Harper Collins Publishers. However, the Burger King market found that this name was already a registered trademark to a takeaway food shop in Adelaide. Fast food In Pakistan varies. "The Ethics of What We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter". Tray Days Publishing, 2004, Schlosser, Eric. Chains like McDonald's offer kosher branches. fastfood \fast.fud\ masculin . The concept of ready-cooked food for sale is closely connected with urban developments. [16] Their Baghdadi contemporaries supplemented home-cooked meals with processed legumes, purchased starches, and even ready-to-eat meats. Coffee chain Country Style operates only in Ontario, and competes with the famous coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons. [7] By 1961, Kroc had bought out the brothers and created what is now the modern McDonald's Corporation. Print. [12] Thus, urbanites were encouraged to purchase pre-prepared meats or starches, such as bread or noodles, whenever possible. [9][10] The two partners eventually decided to invest their money in Jacksonville, Florida-based Insta-Burger King. In some cases, the food is presented as a smörgåsbord, sometimes self service. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. [44] However, despite a slight increase in healthful food advertising, the effectiveness of this initiative has been disputed by studies that reveal that "children couldn't remember or identify healthful foods in the ads, and that 81 percent of the 99 3 to 7 year olds in that study recalled French fries" even though there were no French fries in the advertisement. Fast casual restaurants have higher sit-in ratios, offering a hybrid between counter-service typical at fast food restaurants and a traditional table service restaurant. A study done in the city of Jeddah has shown that current fast-food habits are related to the increase of overweight and obesity among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. This makes it possible for kitchen crew people to view orders placed at the front counter or drive through in real time. In 2012 the fast food industry spent $4.6 billion to advertise unhealthy products to children and teens according to a report by the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. Subway is known for their sub sandwiches and are the largest restaurant chain to serve such food items. However, some people see these moves as a tokenistic and commercial measure, rather than an appropriate reaction to ethical concerns about the world ecology and people's health. There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. In the cities of Roman antiquity, much of the urban population living in insulae, multi-story apartment blocks, depended on food vendors for much of their meal; the Forum itself served as a marketplace where Romans could purchase baked goods and cured meats. Depending on the locale, multiple street vendors may specialize in specific types of food characteristic of a given cultural or ethnic tradition. As a result, the fast-food-industry business model of low wages, non-existent benefits, and limited work hours costs taxpayers an average of nearly $7 billion every year". By manipulating food's taste, sugar and fat content, and directing their advertising to children, the suit argued that the company purposely misleads the public about the nutritional value of its product. "Effects of Fast-Food Consumption on Energy Intake and Diet Quality Among Children in a National Household Survey". In addition to the international chains, in local cuisine people in Pakistan like to have biryani, bun kebabs, Nihari, kebab rolls etc. [51] On January 31, 1990 McDonald's opened a restaurant in Moscow and broke opening-day records for customers served. [32] It is usually rapidly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion that minimizes cost. 1940) and KFC (est. After the original company began to falter in 1959, it was purchased by McLamore and Edgerton who renamed the company Burger King.[11]. Most of the time they can be upgraded to a larger side and drink for a small fee. [58] Pizza Hut is located in 97 countries, with 100 locations in China. The bill arose because of an increase in lawsuits against fast food chains by people who claimed that eating their products made them obese, disassociating themselves from any of the blame. 2006. [19] The development of trawler fishing in the mid-nineteenth century led to the development of a British favourite, fish and chips, and the first shop in 1860. Restaurant où le client est servi très rapidement. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods; this company is located mainly in Canada and the US, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. are represented in major Russian cities. [21] Harry Ramsden's fast food restaurant chain opened its first fish and chip shop in Guiseley, West Yorkshire in 1928. [27] The choice to introduce a shrimp burger was no coincidence, as a 1989 study stated that world consumption of shrimp was "led by Japan." Turo-Turo vendors (Tagalog for point point) are a feature of Philippine life. [27] Worries of an obesity epidemic and its related illnesses have inspired many local government officials in the United States to propose to limit or regulate fast-food restaurants. McDonald's, Subway and Pizza Hut have a significant presence within South Africa. Food service chains partner with food equipment manufacturers to design highly specialized restaurant equipment, often incorporating heat sensors, timers, and other electronic controls into the design. Parent companies often rely on field representatives to ensure that the practices of franchised locations are consistent with the company's standards. Mariner Books. In the French-speaking nations of West Africa, roadside stands in and around the larger cities continue to sell—as they have done for generations—a range of ready-to-eat, char-grilled meat sticks known locally as brochettes (not to be confused with the bread snack of the same name found in Europe), In the United States, consumers spent $160 billion on fast food in 2012 (up from $6 billion in 1970). Sushi has seen rapidly rising popularity recently in the Western world. "Fast Food Song" is a song made famous by British-based band the Fast Food Rockers, although it existed long before they recorded it, as a popular children's playground song. [79], Despite so much popularity, fast foods and fast-food chains have adverse impacts not only on the job and social skills, but on the health and academic performance of students. Australian pizza chains Eagle Boys and Pizza Haven also entered the market in the 1990s, but their New Zealand operations were later sold to Pizza Hut and Domino's. [citation needed] Franchise operations that are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations. Further north in Punjab and Haryana, chole-bhature are very popular and in Bihar and Jharkhand litti-chokha is their staple fast food. Another concept Kroc added was great swaths of glass which enabled the customer to view the food preparation, a practice still found in chains such as Krispy Kreme. fast food Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire. Outlets may be stands or kiosks, which may provide no shelter or seating,[2] or fast food restaurants (also known as quick service restaurants). Harvey's is a Canadian-only burger restaurant chain, present in every province. A fast food restaurant, also known as a quick service restaurant (QSR) within the industry, is a specific type of restaurant that serves fast food cuisine and has minimal table service. (anglicisme) recommandation officielle pour "fast-food". In his best-selling 2001 book Fast Food Nation, investigative journalist Eric Schlosser leveled a broad, socioeconomic critique against the fast food industry, documenting how fast food rose from small, family-run businesses (like the McDonald brothers' burger joint) into large, multinational corporate juggernauts whose economies of scale radically transformed agriculture, meat processing, and labor markets in the late twentieth century. Fast food is commonly blamed for the obesity epidemic in the United States today. [48] However, the trend towards halal has been unpopular in some communities which have at times resulted in internet petitions.[49]. For example, in October 2005 during a midst of plummeting sales in Japan, McDonald's added a shrimp burger to the Japanese menu. Shanthy A. KFC is the most popular fast food chain in South Africa according to a 2010 Sunday Times survey. The Insta-Broiler oven proved so successful at cooking burgers, they required all of their franchises to carry the device. [4][5][6][7][8] Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. The most common sauce to accompany french fries is fritessaus. Other popular sauces are ketchup or spiced ketchup ("curry"), Indonesian style peanut sauce ("satésaus" or "pindasaus") or piccalilli. The Atlantic. Advertising on Spanish speaking channels increased by 8% in 2012, with KFC and Burger King increasing spending in this demographic by 35% while cutting down on their regular advertising within English speaking channels. Modern commercial fast food is often highly processed and prepared in an industrial fashion, i.e., on a large scale with standard ingredients and standardized cooking and production methods. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go" and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. Tout va bien Aujourd'hui je me marie, j'ai confiance Amoul solo, Gao, l'Algérie, Tunisie, Italie. There is a strong priority on "speed of service". The company also popularized the notion of "take-out" food, with their slogan "Less work for Mother". chili con carne, potetstappe eller salater. [29], Some of the large fast food chains are beginning to incorporate healthier alternatives in their menu, e.g., white meat, snack wraps, salads, and fresh fruit. A quick serving of South Indian thali at Haldiram's Gurgaon restaurant. Sometimes the regionality of a dish became part of the culture of its respective area, such as the Cornish pasty and deep-fried Mars bar. Definition: Fast Food sind zubereitete Speisen, die für den raschen Verzehr produziert werden. Other fast food outlets, primarily the hamburger outlets (McDonald's, Burger King, etc.) Multinational corporations typically modify their menus to cater to local tastes, and most overseas outlets are owned by native franchisees. Some emerging Indian food chains include Wow! Research in social stratification and mobility 25.3 (2007): 189–203. Schlosser, Eric. This law was claimed to "[ban] frivolous lawsuits against producers and sellers of food and non-alcoholic drinks arising from obesity claims." Petrol Stations in Australia sell foods such as hot pies, sandwiches, and chocolate bars, which are easy for a customer to access while on their journey. The United Kingdom's signature type of fast food restaurant is a fish and chip shop, which specializes in fish and chips and also other foods such as kebabs and burgers. A judge dismissed the case, but the fast food industry disliked the publicity of its practices, particularly the way it targets children in its advertising. as fast food. [53], In response to this, the "Cheeseburger Bill" [54] was passed by the US House of Representatives in 2004; it later stalled in the US Senate. Also suggesting the lawyers were poisoned to "get fat" off McDonald's. [37] There are points of progress that include healthier sides and beverages in most fast food restaurant kids' meals. Although the case is usually American fast food chains expanding into Canada, Canadian chains such as Tim Hortons have expanded into 22 states in the United States, but are more prominent in border states such as New York and Michigan. [52] Although further lawsuits have not materialized, the issue is kept alive in the media and political circles by those promoting the need for tort reform. [citation needed] The modern, stream-lined convenience of the fast food restaurant provided a new alternative and appealed to Americans' instinct for ideas and products associated with progress, technology, and innovation. Fast food was originally created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. Fast food restaurants are typically part of a restaurant chain or franchise operation that provides standardized ingredients and/or partially prepared foods and supplies to each restaurant through controlled supply channels. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go," often does not require traditional cutlery, and is eaten as a finger food. [citation needed]. In the Philippines, fast-food is the same as in the US. Many consumers nonetheless see them as symbols of the wealth, progress, and well-ordered openness of Western society and they therefore become trendy attractions in many cities around the world, particularly among younger people with more varied tastes.