• Ses fonds marins comportent des habitats d'exception, ils abritent des espèces emblématiques souvent méconnus du grand public. Check out our chateau d'if selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Il ordonne alors la construction d’une forteresse sur l’île. Napoleon, fearing that his tomb would become a symbol to Republicanism, ordered that the body stay at the château. There is a sign at the château that says "Prison dite de l'Homme au Masque de Fer" ("Said to be the prison of the Man in the Iron Mask"), but this is likely only legend since the famed Man in the Iron Mask was never held at the Château d'If. Now, the island is completely uninhabited aside from the looming, highly fortified stony structure. ... chateau d'if marseille • chateau dif marseille • château d'if marseille • château dif marseille • ile d'if marseille • The castle's principal military value was as a deterrent; it never had to fight off an actual attack. 2nd April to 30th September: from 10.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. 2. Frog One (, In the 1956 "Tales of Old Dartmoor" episode of, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 01:12. Une légende rapporte qu’au Moyen-âge, des moines y auraient chassé un dragon malfaisant. Le chateau est fermé le 25 décembre et le 1er janvier. 1st January, 1st May and 25th December and subject to bad weather L'île d’If fait 33 125 mètres carrés de superficie. The Official Facebook Page of Chateau d'If You can do the math on that one. Its use as a dumping ground for political and religious detainees soon made it one of the most feared and notorious jails in France. [1], The "château" is a square, three-story building 28 m (92 ft) long on each side, flanked by three towers with large gun embrasures. It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexandre Dumas’ … La baie, entourée par le fort Saint-Nicolas et le fort Saint-Jean abrite le château d'If, connu grâce au Comte de Monte-Cristo. De l’île d’If, il  étudie les défenses de la ville et constate que rien ne la protège contre les invasions. 200 ans ... chateau longchamp Open )* 2nd January to 1st April: from 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. 1. Managed by the center of national monuments, the place is often … In reality, no one is known to have done this. Le chateau d'If est un château un peu à part, en dehors du temps. [8], Fortressa and prison near Marseille, France, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Château d'If – Between Myth and Reality, Official information incl. histoire du chateau d'if on Amazon.com. It was demilitarized and opened to the public on 23 September 1890. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}43°16′47.5″N 5°19′30.5″E / 43.279861°N 5.325139°E / 43.279861; 5.325139. PM. A state prison. In the novel, the main character Edmond Dantès (a commoner who later purchases the noble title of Count) and his mentor, Abbé Faria, were both imprisoned in it. Au début de l'intrigue, le héros Edmond Dantès est accusé à tort de conspiration bonapartiste. Chateau d'If, Brooklyn, New York. Chris Bergamini May 22, 2017. The entire island is heavily fortified; high ramparts with gun platforms surmount the cliffs that rise steeply from the surrounding ocean. Au XIXe siècle, la prison est tristement célèbre pour ses conditions de détention insalubres et sordides. It can be reached by boat from Marseille's old port. Long used as a state prison, it was made famous by Alexandre Dumas's Count of Monte Cristo. Visite très agréable et surtout avec une histoire formidable. The isolated location and dangerous offshore currents of the Château d'If made it an ideal escape-proof prison, very much like the island of Alcatraz in California in more recent times. History of the monument. Il est raconté que le cadeau du Roi Emmanuel du Portugal au Pape Léon X fait escale sur l’ile d’if lors de son long périple. 19,874 were here. Apart from the fortress, the island is uninhabited. It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexandre Dumas' adventure novel The Count of Monte Cristo. The poorest were placed at the bottom, being confined perhaps twenty or more to a cell in windowless dungeons under the castle. Ce n’est qu’en 1524, après une attaque de Charles Quint, que les premiers murs du château sont construits pour pouvoir enfin protéger l’accès du port de Marseille. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. The modern Château d'If maintains a roughly hewn dungeon in honour of Dantès as a tourist attraction. Over 3,500 Huguenots (French Calvinists/identifying Christians) were sent to Château d'If, as was Gaston Crémieux, a leader of the Paris Commune, who was shot there in 1871. Its inmates included the regicide Philippe Égalité and the … This might have been fortunate, given the weaknesses identified by military engineer Vauban in a scathing report in 1701: "The fortifications look like the rock, they are fully rendered, but very roughly and carelessly, with many imperfections. The bay, flanked by Fort Saint-Nicolas, and Fort Saint-Jean shelters the Castle of If, from Count of Monte Cristo fame. Free shipping for many products! The Château d'If is a fortress located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 kilometres offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France. This fame has made the prison a popular tourist destination. It was built in 1524–31 on the orders of King Francis I, who, during a visit in 1516, saw the island as a strategically important location for defending the coastline from sea-based attacks.[2]. In 2002 it was used as the setting for book to movie adaptation “The Count of Monte Sa peine : un enfermement dans les cellules peu accueillantes du château d'If !Il y fomentera sa vengeance...Après 14 ans, il réussit à s'évader de sa cellule avec la complicité d'un de ses compagnons d'infortune, l'abbé Faria. Le château de Monte-Cristo est une charmante demeure aux façades entièrement sculptées. hide bio. Here, we offer a simple and tasty cuisine for lunch from Monday to Saturday, and for dinner from Tuesday to Saturday. The château's use as a prison ceased at the end of the 19th century. La plupart se rencontrent seulement sur les îles méditerranéennes. Monsieur Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) was the younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria.His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV.Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. Pour assurer ces protections le Parc National des Calanques a été créé le 18 avril 2012 et l’ile d’If avec l’ensemble de l’archipel du Frioul y est rattachée en 2014. Â. As a collection it is quite good and overall I rated it a 4. The island became internationally famous in the 19th century when Alexandre Dumas used it as a setting for The Count of Monte Cristo, published to widespread acclaim in 1844. The monument is located on a tiny island a mile o the coast of Marseille An interesting fact about Chateau D'if is that it became a prison and was closed in 1890 when the island was Histoire du château d'If à Marseille. Elles abritent : • Près de 400 espèces végétales originales dont le développement est dû au micro climat présent sur l’archipel ; Â. • Une centaine d'espèces d'oiseaux dont certaines protégées. 2nd october to 31st December: from 9.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. En 1516, François Ier, roi de France, s’arrête à Marseille après la victoire de Marignan. Tant redouté, le château d’If ne fut jamais attaqué. Â, Aussi, la fonction carcérale du château d’If débuta quelques années seulement après la fin de sa construction, au milieu du XVIe siècle. Marseille from Château d'If cell Between the middle bars you will see the Notre-Dame de la Garde from this cell window. En cas de mer déchainée, le chateau n'ouvrira pas ses portes. Mark Twain visited the château in July 1867 during a months-long pleasure excursion. Au chateau d'If Your restaurant the Chateau d'If and his team are happy to accommodate you with ease, wood furnishings, simple décor. En 1516, François Ier, roi de France, s’arrête à Marseille après la victoire de Marignan. Chateau d’If is the name of a fortress on the island of If, which is the smallest of all the islands that comprise the Frioul Archipelago. The whole having been very badly built and with little care... All the buildings, very crudely done, are ill made. Découvrez à travers cette vidéo l'histoire du Château d'If racontée par Armelle Baduel, administratrice du Centre des Monuments Nationaux. L’histoire, la nature et l’âme de l’écrivain sont omniprésentes : motifs floraux, anges, instruments de musique et armes côtoient divers animaux étranges. Château d'If (shätō´dēf´), castle built in 1524 on the small rocky isle of If, in the Mediterranean Sea off Marseilles, SE France. Chateau d'If, Marseille: 93 answers to 31 questions about Chateau d'If: See 1,723 reviews, articles, and 1,665 photos of Chateau d'If, ranked No.16 on Tripadvisor among 754 attractions in Marseille. Alright, in short: I am Janelle, I live in Massachusetts. The Château d'If is a fortress (later a prison) located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul Archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about a mile offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France. However, the wealthiest inmates were able to pay for their own private cells (or pistoles) higher up, with windows, a garderobe and a fireplace. Ce n’est qu’en 1524, après une attaque de Charles Quint, que les premiers murs du château sont construits pour pouvoir enfin protéger l’accès du port de Marseille. (Subject to modification. Francis I of France wanted the Château d’If to fulfil three functions: protect the coast from invasion; provide cover for the new royal fleet of galleys, and keep watch over Marseille, annexed to France in 1480. He says a guide took his party into the prison, which was not yet open to the public, and inside the cells, one of which he says housed the "Iron Mask". It remained there for 18 years until Louis XVIII granted Kléber a proper burial in his native Strasbourg.[4]. Favorite: Joined 02-16-03, id: 342918, Profile Updated: 03-05-10: Author has written 5 stories for Fantasy, Humor, Horror, and Life. Avant même la construction du château le premier prisonnier supposé est l’unique rhinocéros d’Asie à avoir touché le sol européen à cette époque. Devenus maîtres de l’archipel, ils percevaient de fortes redevances sur ces îles et auraient constitué un véritable trésor, longtemps recherché par les pirates.Â, En mémoire de cette découverte, il promet d’intituler un jour l’un de ses romans Monte-Cristo, titre qui fera également écho à la terre de ses ancêtres dominicains.Â. However, he abandoned the invasion plan. The closest that it came to a genuine test of strength was in July 1531, when Holy Roman Emperor Charles V made preparations to attack Marseille. The last visit depends on the timetable of boats, information at the tourist information center, on our website (External link)or on Frioul If express. De l’île d’If, il étudie les défenses de la ville et constate que rien ne la protège contre les invasions. A crucial fortress. Au large de Marseille, découvrez le château d'If et son histoire. Its fame comes from the setting for Dumas' novel, The Count of Monte Cristo. Information: Wikipedia Self-thought Interesting facts: Location: On the day of the prisoner’s sentence there would be an annual flogging on that day since they started their time at Chateau D'if. Mondays from 2nd January to 1st April and from 2nd october to 31st December 2. Telephone : 06 03 06 25 26. Chateau d'If is the title of a 1949 short story written by Jack Vance (previously published as New Bodies For Old). This famous fortress, standing on a rocky island off the coast of Marseille, was immortalised by Alexandre Dumas in The Count of Monte Cristo as the prison where the novel’s hero, Edmond Dantes, was incarcerated before ultimately escaping. admission fees and open hours, Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Marseille, Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilisations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Château_d%27If&oldid=998144575, Historic house museums in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Monuments of the Centre des monuments nationaux, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2013, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Château d'If is famous for being one of the settings of, The fortress was used as the location where Alain Charnier a.k.a. Château d'If History Built by Francis I in 1524, the castle was used for several centuries as a state prison. Il a servi de prison, de garnison et aujourd'hui les bâteaux y débarquent l'été des hordes de touristes. ... l'archipel du Frioul au large de Marseille est choisi au début du XVI e siècle pour abriter le célèbre Château d'If. Chateau d’If is a former prison on an island at the entrance to Le Vieux Port in the Bay of Marseille. Sa largeur maximum atteint 180 mètres et sa longueur maximum 300 mètres. After fourteen years, Dantès makes a daring escape from the castle, becoming the first person ever to do so and survive. Face à lui se dresse une forteresse bien réelle tout comme la volonté de François 1er d’affirmer la puissance de la royauté française en Provence. Â, Pendant son enfance, Dumas entend évoquer par son père le château d’If comme un lieu voué à la mémoire de Kléber. 178 likes. As was common practice in those days, prisoners were treated differently according to their class and wealth. dictionary. The island of If is approximately one mile from Marseille, in the Bay of Marseille in the Mediterranean Sea. histoire du chateau d'if He recounts his visit in his book, The Innocents Abroad. The Château d'If is a fortress built by Francis I, known through the Romanesque The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, revealing exceptional views of Marseille and the islands of Friuli. Follow. Contact Château d'If. [7] The fortress was used as the location where Alain Charnier a.k.a. There were 60 men to guard it, 300 in case of danger. En poursuivant votre navigation, vous acceptez l'utilisation de cookies destinés notamment à l'analyse statistique, aux réseaux sociaux et à la gestion des comptes utilisateurs. Closed 1. ", The embalmed body[3] of general Jean Baptiste Kléber was repatriated to France after his assassination in Cairo in 1800. Suite aux mesures annoncées par le Gouvernement, le monument sera fermé au public dès le 30 octobre et ce jusqu'à nouvel ordre. The castle is 2km south west from the Vieux Port. Le Chateau d'If est ouvert tous les jours de 10 heures à 17 heures et jusqu'à 18 heures de mi mai à mi septembre. to share friendly moments and which is in the pure Savoyard tradition and Lyon. Château d'If 8, rue Glandevès 13001 Marseille tél. La construction du château se termine en juillet 1531. #13 – … Incontournable lors d’une visite de Marseille. Partez à la découverte du château d’If, lieu emblématique de l’œuvre d’Alexandre Dumas, le comte de Monte-Cristo. Le premier prisonnier fut vraisemblablement le chevalier Anselme en 1580, puis Mirabeau enfermé en 1774 sur lettre de cachet. I was born the 3rd day of October in the year 1989. Chateau D'If and Other Stories was released in 1990 and is a collection of five Jack Vance novellas that were originally published from 1950 to 1973. The Château d'If is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. Pour l’anecdote, le pape reçoit son cadeau non pas vivant mais empaillé, le navire le transportant ayant fait naufrage dans la baie de Gênes.Â, Le visiteur accostant ne discerne plus ce qui est de la réalité ou de l’imaginaire. The Château d’If sits on the Île d’If, a small island off the Old Port of Marseille. Il la visite une première fois en décembre 1834, au cours d’un périple en Méditerranée.Â. La construction du château se … Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Le Comte de Monte-Cristo : Tome 1: le Prisonnier du Château D'If by Alexandre Dumas (2016, Trade Paperback) at the best online prices at eBay! En 1842, au cours d’un voyage en bateau dans l’archipel toscan avec le prince Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte, Dumas contourne la petite île de Monte-Cristo, près de l’île d’Elbe. Source for information on Château d'If: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The only thing on the island is the fortress, that also once functioned as a prison. Il ordonne alors la construction d’une forteresse sur l’île. Son cercueil est resté 18 ans au château d’If.  Â, À la suite des émeutes de juin 1848, 120 personnes furent incarcérées au château d’If. L’inscription « Hôtel du peuple souverain » qui figure au-dessus de l’ancienne porte d’accès à la cour, date de cette époque.304 détenus furent entassés à If après le coup d’Etat du 2 décembre 1852, en attendant leur déportation vers Alger et la Guyane.Gaston Crémieux séjourna également à If, après l’écrasement de la Commune en 1871.Â, Au fil des siècles légendes et réalité jalonnent l’histoire d’If. C'est le début de l'histoire du Comte de Monte-Cristo. +33 (0)4 91 59 02 30 tél. Journée sur les Iles du Frioul et le Château d'If ? The Château d'If is a fortress (later a prison) located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about 1.5 kilometres (7⁄8 mile) offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Les îles du Frioul constituent un site privilégié, situé à deux kilomètres de Marseille ; la zone classée Natura 2000 offre 25 kms de côtes. Chateau D'If. Its was finished and armed on July 15th 1531. It is famous for being one of the settings of Alexandre Dumas' adventure novel The … Chateau D'IF Located in Embarcadere Frioul If, 1 Fraternite Street, 13001 Marseille, France. Le général Kléber a été le dernier prisonnier célèbre, mais c’est une fois mort - assassiné au Caire en 1800 - qu’il a été rapatrié en France. Built in the in the mid-1500s on the tiny island of If, the fortress was originally intended to act as coastal defense station. La situation géographique du château et son architecture en faisaient une prison idéale d’où il semblait impossible de s’échapper. After 1580, they started to keep prisoners in the cells, sick galley slaves and rebels. Mentions légales et Politique de confidentialité. [5][6], Contrary to common belief, the Marquis de Sade was not a prisoner at the château. Île d'If measures 3 hectares (0.03 km2) and is located 3.5 km (2 1⁄8 mi) west of the Old Port of Marseille.