Pics of : Snooker Table Dimensions In Cm. However, choose a table too big for your room and shots from close to the edge of the table will be impossible. [24][25], In the early 2000s, a ban on tobacco advertising led to a reduction in the number of professional tournaments,[26] which decreased from twenty-two events in 1999 to just fifteen in 2003. [98] On the women's tour, the leading tournament is the World Women's Snooker Championship. [c] If successful, the value of the potted colour ball is added to the player's score, and the ball is returned to its designated spot on the table. 12'3" (373cm) x 9'3" (281.5cm) 14'2" (433cm) x 11'2" (341.5cm) 15'9" (479cm) x 12'8" (387.5cm) 8' Table. [101] By 1947, Fred Davis was deemed ready by his brother to take over the mantle, but lost the world final to the Scotsman Walter Donaldson. [67][68] The tournament has been held at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England, since 1977, and was sponsored by Embassy from 1976 to 2005. After the abandonment of the World Championship in 1953, with the 1952 final boycotted by British professionals, the World Professional Match-play Championship became the unofficial world championship. [90] In 2012, O'Sullivan played fewer tournaments in order to spend more time with his children, and ended the 2012–13 season ranked 19th in the world. [7][15] In 1959, in an attempt to boost the game's appeal, Davis introduced a variation known as "Snooker Plus", with the addition of two extra colours, but this failed to attract attention and was very short-lived. [91], Some leagues have allowed clubs to refuse to accept women players in tournaments. [95] Events held specifically for seniors are handled by the WPBSA under the World Seniors Tour. Joe Davis, a key figure and pioneer in the early growth of the sport, won fifteen successive world championships between 1927 and 1946. [13] He won every world championship until 1946, when he retired from taking part in the championships. While the main professional tour is open to female players, there is also a separate women's tour organised by World Women's Snooker (formerly the World Ladies Billiards and Snooker Association) that encourages female players to participate in the sport. Balls: there are sixteen balls, as in pool, but fifteen are white and numbered, and the cue ball is usually red. The total number of consecutive points (excluding fouls) that a player amasses during one visit to the table is known as a "break". [45] Each segment of the string (bead) represents one point. [84][85] A trial for the format for cue sports to be played at the 2024 games was put forward at the 2019 World Team Trophy, also featuring nine-ball and carom billiards. 4.5 × 9 ft (254 × 127 cm) 6 × 12 ft (356 × 178 cm) [1] – the official tournament size is the 12 ft model, the same size preferred for snooker, but much larger than a pool table. [66], The oldest professional snooker tournament is the World Championship,[52] held annually since 1927 (except during World War II and between 1958 and 1963). [31], In 2010, promoter Barry Hearn gained a controlling interest in World Snooker Ltd. and the World Snooker Tour, pledging to revitalise the "moribund" professional game. [79][63][78], With some events having been criticised for matches taking too long,[80] an alternative series of timed tournaments has been organised by Matchroom Sport chairman Barry Hearn. Key figures in the game were Ray Reardon in the 1970s, Steve Davis in the 1980s, and Stephen Hendry in the 1990s, each winning the World Championship on multiple occasions. Each ball has a diameter of 2.1 inches (52.5 mm). The Spot 8 3/4” 9 3/4” 10 3/4” 12 3/4” Pyramid Spot 23” 26” 29” 35” Centre Spot Baulk Line 19 3/8” 21 3/4” 24 1/4” 29” The “D” 7 1/2” 8 1/2” 9 1/2” 11 1/2” The Spot (Black Ball) … READ Lsu Miami Seating Map. [90] Furthermore, he did not play any tournament in 2013 except the World Championship, which he won. Tick this box to hear from us about your wishlist, discounts and promotions. [99][100] Davis was world champion for twenty years, retiring unbeaten after claiming his fifteenth world title in 1946 when the tournament was reinstated after the Second World War. Saturday 10am - 4pm We will never share your details with any third party. Christopher. [citation needed] Stephen Hendry became the 14th world champion in 1990 and dominated through the 1990s, winning seven titles (1990, 1992–1996, and 1999). Showrooms Open* Password must be at least 6 characters long with 1 special character. The cue ball is placed inside the "D" ready for the break-off shot. [107][113], Unlike previous decades, the 21st century has produced many players of a similar standard, rather than a single player raising the bar. A player could achieve a break of 15, for example, by first potting a red followed by a black, then another red followed by a pink, before failing to pot the next red. The word snooker was a well-established derogatory term used to describe inexperienced or first-year military personnel. [41], The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association, International Billiards and Snooker Federation, List of snooker players by number of ranking titles, List of snooker players with over 100 century breaks, List of World Snooker Championship winners, World Professional Match-play Championship, 1959 News of the World Snooker Plus Tournament, "Snooker bids to be included in 2020 Olympics in Tokyo", "Official Rules of the Games of Snooker and English Billiards", "Ooty, India: back in time to the birthplace of snooker", "Cues n Views – History Page, Snooker & Billiards timeline", "Great Sporting Moments: Dennis Taylor defeats Steve Davis 18–17 at the Crucible", "Snooker finds sponsor with deep pockets", "John Spencer, 71, Dies; Helped Popularize Snooker", "Barry Hearn wins vote to take control of World Snooker", "Barry Hearn: World Snooker chief on 'how he saved the sport, "World Snooker prize money increase highlights growth, says Barry Hearn", "Get Inspired: How to get into snooker, billiards and pool", "Strachan snooker cloths – WSP Textiles – Billiard and Tennis cloths", "Tournament Grade 9ft Pool Snooker Cloth Set – Choose Your Colour", "What is Scoreboard in Snooker? [10], The word snooker was a slang term for first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel, but Chamberlain would often use it to describe the inferior performance of one of his fellow officers at the table. For a 9-ft table, the playing surface (the dimensions between the noses of the cushions) measures 100 inches (254 cm) by 50 inches (127 cm) with a 1 ⁄ 8-inch (3.2 mm) margin of error for either dimension. [62], The top 16 players in the world ranking list, generally regarded as the "elite" of the professional snooker circuit,[63] are not required to pre-qualify for some of the tournaments, such as the Shanghai Masters, the Masters and the World Snooker Championship. [107], John Pulman was the most successful player of the 1960s, when the World Championship was contested on a challenge basis,[108] but his winning streak ended when the tournament reverted to a knockout format in 1969. [105] Davis and Donaldson would contest the next four finals. [43][44], A snooker ball set consists of twenty-two unmarked balls: fifteen reds, six colour balls, and one white cue ball (which is shared between the players). Since 2000, Ronnie O'Sullivan has won the most world titles, with six. [48] As of 20 January 2021[update], there are 166 confirmed instances of players scoring a maximum break in professional competition. It is played on a rectangular table covered with a green cloth (or "baize"), with six pockets: one at each corner and one in the middle of each long side. In the UK, most pool tables found at pubs or in the home are 7′ x 4′ with a pool cue size of 58′. I have a 3/4 size table, it is actually 9ft x 4ft 6", much bigger than your ordinary pub table and not really a mini. Imperial: Metric mm. The necessity for this rule has been questioned, and players such as Stephen Maguire have been granted medical exemptions from wearing a bow tie. [102] He was also world billiards champion. [citation needed], In the professional era of snooker, which began with Joe Davis in the 1930s and continues until the present day, a relatively small number of players have succeeded at the top level. 4 x 8 4 1/2 x 9 5 x 10 6 x 12. Under certain circumstances, some runners-up participate at the event. * When coronavirus restrictions allow forpre-booked appointments only, Home Leisure Direct Limited is registered in England and Wales, Registered Office: Unit 7A Point 4 Distribution Centre, Second Way, Avonmouth, Bristol. Imperial: 12ft table: 3658 x 1829: 12′ x 6′ 6401 x 4572: 21′ x 15′ 6706 x 4877: 22ft x 16ft: 10ft table: 3048 x 1524: 10′ x 5′ 5791 x 4267: 19′ x 14′ 6096 x 4572: 20ft x 15ft: 9ft table… Favorite Answer. When deciding on a pool table size to fit into a home or other space, buyers should also take into consideration the size of the pool cue. Jamie Cope is recorded as being the first player to post a verified 155 break, achieved in a practice frame in 2005, with other players such as Alex Higgins claiming to have made a similar break. £0.00. Top professional players now compete in regular tournaments around the world, earning millions of pounds on the World Snooker Tour which features competitors of many different nationalities. [29][30] By 2007, the BBC dedicated 400 hours to snooker coverage, compared to just 14 minutes 40 years earlier. [14] Snooker went into a period of decline through the 1950s and 1960s, with little interest generated beyond those who played it. [78] These events are valued by some players as the most prestigious, and are also some of the oldest competitions. [50][51], One game of snooker, beginning with the balls in their starting positions and ending when the last ball is potted, is called a "frame". [101] He did lose matches in handicapped tournaments, but on level terms these four defeats were the only losses of his entire career. The cloth is finally ironed. [4], Snooker accessories include chalk for the tip of the cue, various sorts of rest used for playing shots that are difficult to play by hand, a triangle used for racking the reds, and a scoreboard which is typically attached to a wall near the snooker table. Tournament finals are usually best of 17 or best of 19, but some tournaments, such as the World Championship uses longer matches – ranging from best of 19 in the qualifiers and the first round up to best of 35 for the final (first to 18), and is played over four sessions of play held over two days. [11], Played in 1926 and 1927, the first World Snooker Championship was organised by Joe Davis and known as the Professional Snooker Championship. [101] Undefeated in World Championship play, he was only ever beaten four times in his life, with all of these defeats coming after his retirement and inflicted by his own brother Fred Davis. Even if the cue ball is hit in precisely the same way, the effect of the nap will differ according to whether the ball is hit down the table (towards the black ball spot) or up the table (towards the baulk line). Showrooms closed -, * When coronavirus restrictions allow for. The height of the table from the floor to the top of the cushions is 2 ft 10.0 in (86.4 cm). "[94] The All-Party Parliamentary Group said, "The group believes that being prevented from playing in a club because of gender is archaic. four players constituting two sides of two players. In this situation, called a "re-spotted black", the black ball is returned to its designated spot and the cue ball is played in-hand, meaning that it may be placed anywhere on or within the lines of the "D" to start the tiebreak. The origin of snooker dates back to the latter half of the 19th century. hitting a colour first when attempting to contact a red). Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm Table Length: 93” | 236 cm Table Width: 54” | 137 cm Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm 7’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances 48” Cue: 11’3” x 14’6” | 3.43 x 4.42 m 52” Cue: 11’11” x 15’2” | 3.63 x 4.62 m 58” Cue: 12’11” x 16’2” | 3.93 x 4.92 m [45], The objective of the game is to score more points than one's opponent by potting object balls in the correct order. [101][103] It is regarded as highly unlikely that anyone will ever dominate the game to this level again. Credit provided subject to age and status. [82][e], In 2015, the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association submitted an unsuccessful bid for snooker to be played at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. [4] The act of scoring sequentially in this manner is to make a "break" (see Scoring below). A snooker match ends with one of the players having won a predetermined number of frames, thus winning the match. The minimum room size that allows space on all sides for comfortable cueing is 22 ft × 16 ft (6.7 m × 4.9 m). The shot-timed Premier League Snooker was established, with seven players invited to compete at regular United Kingdom venues, televised on Sky Sports. [4], The game continues until all the reds have been potted and only the six colours are left on the table. While some success was achieved with this format, it generally did not receive the same amount of press attention or status as the regular ranking tournaments. [53] Reflecting the game's aristocratic origins, the majority of tournaments on the professional circuit require players to wear waistcoats and bow ties. Failure to make contact with a red ball constitutes a foul, which results in penalty points being awarded to the opponent. :) Answer Save. If space is a concern please view our 6ft snooker tables, 7ft snooker tables, 8ft snooker tables, 9ft snooker tables and 10ft snooker tables – we have a table for venues and spaces. [1][83] Another bid has been put forward for 2024 Summer Olympics through the World Snooker Federation, founded in 2017. A simple scoring bead is sometimes used, called a "scoring string" or "scoring wire". This website uses cookies. [4], Professional and competitive amateur matches are officiated by a referee, who is charged with ensuring the proper conduct of players and making decisions "in the interests of fair play". [6] Chamberlain was revealed to be the game's inventor in a letter to The Field magazine, published on 19 March 1938, 63 years after the fact. [4] If a player concludes that there are not enough points available on the table to beat the opponent's score, that player may offer to concede the frame while at the table (but not while the opponent is still at the table); a frame concession is a common occurrence in professional snooker. Dimensions: Snooker Table Snooker is one of the most popular forms of billiards, involving red and spotted balls that must be sunk in a specific order. [55][56][57][58] The WPBSA owns and publishes the official rules of snooker,[59] and has overall responsibility for policy-making in the professional sport of snooker. The process of potting reds and colours alternately continues until the striker fails to pot the desired object ball, at which point the opponent comes to the table to play the next shot. 0 items [69][70][71], The World Championship is the most highly valued prize in professional snooker[72] in terms of financial reward (As of 2021[update] £500,000 for the winner) ranking points and prestige. [74] Players had twenty-five seconds to take each shot, with five time-outs per player per match. TRY BEFORE YOU BUY. The tip of the cue must only make contact with the cue ball and is never used for striking any of the reds or colours directly. [4] Doing so with all 15 red balls still in play can potentially result in a break exceeding 147, with the highest possible being a 155 break, achieved by nominating the free ball as an extra red, then potting the black as the additional colour after the free-ball red, followed by the 15 reds with blacks, and finally the colours. Monday - Friday 9am - 5:30pm What’s a Standard Size Pool Table in the US? By retaining his title in 2013, O'Sullivan became the first player to successfully defend the World Championship since Hendry in 1996 (Mark Selby would also do this in 2017).[114]. The World Snooker Championship has taken place since 1927. As a professional sport, snooker is now governed by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association, founded in 1968. [24] By 1985, Davis had won more ranking tournaments than the rest of the top 64 players put together. [4], Each player has a cue stick (or simply a "cue"), not less than 3 ft (914 mm) in length, which is used to strike the cue ball. Full size cues are generally 57” (145cm) and so the recommended minimum clearance around any table is 5’ (152cm). [5] Snooker was given its first definite reference in England in an 1887 issue of the Sporting Life newspaper, which led to a growth in popularity. Table (slate) Size Minimum Room Size Recommended Room Size : Metric mm. [106] Fred Davis won the tournament every year from 1952 to 1956, but did not enter the 1957 event. A maximum break in snooker is achieved by potting all reds with blacks then all colours, yielding 147 points; this is often known as a "147" or a "maximum". The nap affects the speed and trajectory of the cue ball, depending on the direction in which the ball is shot and whether any side spin is placed on the ball. [21][22] Snooker quickly became a mainstream game in the United Kingdom,[23] Ireland, and much of the Commonwealth, and has remained consistently popular since the late 1970s, with most of the ranking tournaments being televised. [39] One drawback of using a full-size table is the amount of space required to accommodate it, which limits the locations where the game can easily be played. An individual game (or "frame") of snooker is won by the player who has scored the most points by the end of the frame. Relevance. [6] In 1919, the Billiards Association and the Billiards Control Board merged to form the Billiards Association and Control Club (BA&CC) and a new, standard set of rules for snooker were first officialised. [6], Snooker grew in popularity across the Indian colonies of the British Raj, and the United Kingdom, but it remained a game mainly for the gentry, and many gentlemen's clubs that had a billiards table would not allow non-members inside to play. [96][97][98] World Disability Billiards and Snooker (WDBS) is a WPBSA subsidiary that organises events and playing aids in snooker and other cue sports for people with disabilities. Fouls incur a minimum of four penalty points unless a higher-value object ball is involved in the foul,[d] up to a maximum of seven penalty points where the black ball is concerned. Some table men then drag along a dampened cloth, wrapped around a short piece of board (like a two by four) or the straight back of a brush, to collect any remaining fine dust and to help lay down the nap. 9’ Billiards | Pool Tables are large and challenging tables suited for the most skilled billiards players. Room size recommendation, dependant upon cue length: Download our A4 Pool Table Room Size Guide (PDF File): Allow for 2.5ft minimum at each end of the shuffleboard to allow room for the players. The reigning champion is Reanne Evans who has held the women's world title twelve times since first winning the championship in 2005. Snooker gained its identity in 1875 when army officer Sir Neville Chamberlain (1856–1944), stationed in Ootacamund, Madras, devised a set of rules that combined black pool and pyramids. [citation needed] The most prestigious amateur event in England is the English Amateur Championship, an annual competition first held in 1916. [27][28] However, the popularity of the game in Asia, with emerging talents such as Liang Wenbo and more established players such as Ding Junhui and Marco Fu, boosted the sport in the Far East. The referee then tosses a coin and the winner of the toss decides who goes first. [109][110], Steve Davis won his first World Championship in 1981, becoming the 11th world champion since 1927 (including the winner of the boycotted 1952 final, Horace Lindrum). Obviously, the closer to full size, the closer the experience to that of professional snooker players. [61] The current world rankings are determined using a two-year rolling points system, where ranking points are allocated after designated ranking tournaments based on the prize money earned by each player. Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible. A foul can occur for various reasons, most commonly for sending the cue ball into a pocket, or for failing to hit the correct object ball (e.g. not across the table). The players then take turns hitting shots by striking the cue ball with the tip of the cue, their aim being to pot one of the red balls into a pocket and thereby score a point. Imperial: Metric mm. 2 Answers. All competitions are open to professional players who have qualified for the tour, and selected amateur players, but most events include a separate qualification stage. Coronavirus Update: Services all running as normal. [5][12] Being a professional English billiards and snooker player himself, Davis moved the game from a recreational pastime to a professional activity. [42], The cloth on a snooker table is usually a form of tightly-woven woollen green baize, with a directional nap that runs from the baulk end of the table, towards the far end near the black ball spot. [26] Since the ban on advertising tobacco products, the championships have been sponsored by betting companies. Definition and Meaning", "Mark Allen pockets £70k Scottish Open title with a 'nice fluke, "Alex Higgins: A 155 break impossible? 9’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 100” | 254 cm, width of 50” | 127 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high. Save, compare and share your favourite items. [7] In 1985, an estimated 18.5 million viewers watched the concluding frame of the World Championship final between Dennis Taylor and Steve Davis, a record viewership in the UK for any broadcast after midnight. [81] The Champion of Champions saw players qualify by virtue of winning other events in the season, with 16 champions competing. [4] When the final ball is potted, the player with the most points wins the frame. [37] The winner of the 2020 World Snooker Championship received £500,000 out of a total prize fund of £2,395,000. The responsibilities of the referee include: announcing the points scored during a break; announcing penalties after a foul has been committed; replacing colour balls onto their designated spots; and cleaning the cue ball or any object ball upon request by the striker. [47], Points in snooker are gained from potting the object balls in the correct sequence. Some other types of cloth include a small percentage of nylon. [38], A standard full-size snooker table measures 12 ft × 6 ft (365.8 cm × 182.9 cm), with a rectangular playing surface measuring 11 ft 8.5 in × 5 ft 10.0 in (356.9 cm × 177.8 cm). 3 3/8 inches (8.57 centimeters): Minimum width of … [77] The World Championship is part of the Triple Crown along with the UK Championship and the non-ranking Masters. The player must then pot another red ball followed by another colour. - [6] To cater for the growing interest, smaller and more open snooker-specific clubs were formed. Variants of snooker are cue games that are based on the standard game of snooker, or similar in origin. [4] The colours must next be potted in the ascending order of their value, from the least valuable to the most valuable ball, i.e. [4]:26–28, A foul that leaves no valid shot available for the opponent may lead to a free ball being called by the referee. 1 decade ago. Billard At Pool Billiard Table Challenger 6ft With Foldable New Mini Pool Table Snooker Sho Malaysia 12ft Crown Snooker Table Billiard READ United Center Interactive Seating Map. [4], If a red ball enters a pocket, the striker must then pot one of the six "colours". Snooker is played by two independent players or by more than two players as "sides", e.g. [90] O'Sullivan has suggested that a "breakaway tour" with fewer events would be beneficial to the sport, but as of 2019 no such tour has been organised. [53] Players on the World Snooker Tour generally gain a two-year "tour card" for participation in the events. A standard full-size snooker table measures 12 ft × 6 ft (365.8 cm × 182.9 cm), with a rectangular playing surface measuring 11 ft 8.5 in × 5 ft 10.0 in (356.9 cm × 177.8 cm). [41], Snooker is a mixed gender sport that affords men and women the same opportunities to progress at all levels of the game. to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Winning all three events is a difficult task, and has only been done by 11 players. [16][17], In 1969, David Attenborough commissioned the television series Pot Black to showcase the potential of colour television, with the green table and multi-coloured balls providing an ideal opportunity to demonstrate the advantages of the new broadcasting technology. [86] Snooker has been contested at the World Games since 2001, and was included as an event at the 2019 African Games. Some have only minor rule changes, while others are more distinct games. Not for Higgy", "The maximum break in snooker is not 147", "It's finally time snooker ditched the bow tie", "Big break for creative agency as snooker's governing body website build is pocketed", "Prize Money World Rankings Schedule 2019/2020 Season", "Coral Cup: World Grand Prix first on the agenda for new competition", "History of the World Snooker Championship", "World Snooker Announcements: Named Title Sponsor for the World Snooker Championship", "Doherty sets out to regain greatest prize", "An email conversation with Graeme Dott: 'We need an Abramovich to take the game to a new level", "O'Sullivan excited by new Champion of Champions event", "Champion of Champions Qualifying Criteria Confirmed", "Olympic Games: Snooker misses out on 2020 Tokyo place", "Snooker among cue sports targeting Paris 2024, federation chief says", "Inaugural World Team Trophy Sees 24 of the Best Cuesports Champions Assemble in Paris", "Snooker to feature as medal event at 2019 African Games in Morocco", "Snooker: Ronnie O'Sullivan warns of players burning out", "Ronnie O'Sullivan 'ready to go' with breakaway snooker tour", "Rebecca Kenna quits snooker league over 'men-only' rule", "MPs call for end to Keighley snooker clubs' men-only rules", " World Snooker Championship – Event History", "The rules of Brazilian Snooker (Sinuca Brasileira)", "Definitions of terms used in Snooker and English Billiards (search for snooker plus)", "Power Snooker launch will be at O2 arena", World Professional Billiards & Snooker Association, International Billiards & Snooker Federation,, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2021, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 February 2021, at 19:16. By Size (161) 12ft Slate Snooker Tables (2) 10ft Slate Billiards Tables (2) 9ft Slate Billiards Tables (34) 8ft Slate Billiards Tables (66) 7ft Slate Billiards Tables (57) ... What Room Size Do You Need To Fit a Pool Table? [40] While pool tables are common to many pubs, snooker tends to be played either in private settings or in public snooker halls. [107] Mark Williams has won three times (2000, 2003, and 2018) and John Higgins four times (1998, 2007, 2009, and 2011). The height of the table from the floor to the top of the cushions is 2 ft 10.0 in (86.4 cm). Variant table sizes include 10 ft × 5 ft (305 cm × 152 cm), 9 ft × 4.5 ft (274 cm × 137 cm), 8 ft × 4 ft (244 cm × 122 cm), 6 ft × 3 ft (183 cm × 91 cm) (the smallest for realistic play) and 4 ft × 2 ft (122 cm × 61 cm). [4][46], If the scores are equal when all the object balls have been potted, the black is used as a tiebreaker. A snooker match generally consists of a predetermined number of frames and the player who wins the most frames wins the match. The game continues until one of the players either pots the black ball to win the frame, or commits a foul (losing the frame). [32][33][34] Since then, the number of professional tournaments has increased, with 44 events held in the 2019–20 season. [5] In the 1870s, billiards was a popular activity among British Army officers stationed in Jubbulpore, India, and several variations of the game were devised during this time. "[92] A World Women's Snooker spokesperson said, "It is disappointing and unacceptable that in 2019 that players such as Rebecca Kenna have been the victim of antiquated discriminatory practices. The "modern era" of snooker began in 1969 after the broadcaster BBC commissioned the television series Pot Black, later airing daily coverage of the World Championship which was first televised in 1978. The latter is a common foul committed when a player fails to escape from a "snooker", where the previous player has left the cue ball positioned such that no legal ball can be struck directly without obstruction by an illegal ball.